Washington: Lewis County

Lewis County (pop. 75,455) is north of Cowlitz and Skamania counties. It is one of seven Lewis counties, and one of five named for Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809), leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

Most of the population of Lewis County is in the Interstate 5 corridor, in the western part of the county. The eastern part of the county is in the Cascades, including a portion of Mount Rainier National Park.

The county seat of Lewis County is the city of Chehalis (pronounced “shuh-HAY-lis”), which has a population of 7,259.

Lewis County Courthouse (1927)

The old Northern Pacific Depot (1912) in Chehalis is now the Lewis County Historical Museum.

Mission Revival style

The former St. Helens Hotel (1920) in downtown Chehalis is now the St. Helens Apartments.

On the National Register of Historic Places

On the north side of Chehalis is a “Yard Bird” statue, left over from a well-known local chain of Yard Bird stores that has gone out of business.

Centralia (pop. 16,336), the largest city in Lewis County, is just four miles north of Chehalis. It got its name because of its central location between Seattle and the Columbia River.

Giant pencil on a porch, Centralia

The renovated Fox Theatre (1930) in Centralia hosts classic movies and special events.

The Amtrak station in Centralia is the former Union Depot (1912). It is served by Amtrak’s “Cascades” and “Coast Starlight” trains.

Restored in 2002

In the community of Claquato, west of Chehalis, the Claquato Church (1857) is the oldest standing church building in Washington.

Claquato was briefly the county seat.

The city of Winlock (pop. 1,329), south of Chehalis, is the home of “The World’s Largest Egg” – as reported in “Ripley’s Believe It or Not” in 1989. The egg industry has been important in the area.

This one dates from 1991.

NEXT: THURSTON COUNTY

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Washington: Wahkiakum County

Wahkiakum (wuk-EYE-uh-kum) County is west of Cowlitz County, along the Columbia River. Its population of 3,978 is second-smallest in Washington, and it is third-smallest in square miles.

The county in 1909

The county was named for Wahkiakum (“Tall Timber”), a 19th-century chief of the Chinook Indians.

The county seat of Wahkiakum County, and the smallest county seat in Washington, is the town of Cathlamet (pop. 532).

Pronounced “kath-LAM-et”

Cathlamet was the site of one of the largest Indian villages on the Columbia River west of the Cascades.

Home of the Kathlamet people

A highway bridge connects Cathlamet to Puget Island, and the Wahkiakum County Ferry connects Puget Island to Westport, Oregon. The ferry holds nine cars and takes about 10 minutes to cross the Columbia.

It’s the last scheduled ferry between Washington and Oregon.

Cathlamet has a Bald Eagle Days celebration every July.

Several movies have been filmed in Cathlamet, includent “Snow Falling on Cedars” (1999).

NEXT: LEWIS COUNTY

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Washington: Cowlitz County

Cowlitz County (pop. 102,410) is north of Clark County, on the Columbia River. Its name comes from a Cowlitz Indian word meaning either “river of shifting sands” or “capturing the medicine spirit.”

The Mount St. Helens Visitor Center, which opened in 1987, is in the northern part of the county. Part of the Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument is in the northeastern corner of the county.

The mountain itself is in Skamania County.

The county seat of Cowlitz County is the city of Kelso (pop. 11,925), located near the confluence of the Cowlitz and Columbia rivers.

Mural in Kelso

In 1998-99, the slow-moving Aldercrest-Banyon landslide caused the evacuation and condemnation of 127 homes in Kelso.

More than $70 million in damages

Major League pitcher Jason Schmidt starred for Kelso High School before playing professional baseball.

Won 17 for the Giants in 2003

The largest city in Cowlitz County is Longview (pop. 36,648), across the Cowlitz River from Kelso.

Columbia Theatre (1925)

Longview was a planned city, built by timber baron Robert A. Long in the early 1920s to house lumber mill workers for the Long-Bell Lumber Company.

R.A. Long High School (1927)

The Lewis and Clark Bridge (1930) crosses the Columbia River between Longview and Rainier, Oregon.

A cantilever bridge

The Green Day song “Longview” was the fourth track on the band’s third album, “Dookie.” It was Green Day’s debut single.

The “Nutty Narrows Bridge” is a 60-foot squirrel bridge that crosses Olympia Way in downtown Longview. It dates from 1963.

“The World’s Narrowest Bridge”

NEXT: WAHKIAKUM COUNTY

 

Washington: Clark County

Clark County (pop. 425,363) is bordered on the west and south by the Columbia River, and on the north by the Lewis River. It is Washington’s fifth-most-populous county.

It is one of 12 Clark counties in the U.S., and one of three (along with Arkansas and Missouri) named for William Clark (1770-1838) of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

The county seat of Clark County is the city of Vancouver (pop. 161,791), fourth-largest city in Washington, located across the Columbia from Portland, Oregon.

Clark County Courthouse (1941)

English settlement of the Vancouver area began in 1824 at Fort Vancouver, a fur-trading outpost of the Hudson’s Bay Company. It was named for naval officer and explorer George Vancouver (1757-1798). Vancouver, B.C., was named later in the 19th century.

Fort Vancouver National Historic Site

Vancouver’s population grew rapidly during World War II, when Henry Kaiser built a shipyard that employed as many as 36,000 people.

“Wendy the Welder” sculpture

The Kiggins Theatre opened in downtown Vancouver in 1936. It now has variety of films, concerts, and special events.

Art Deco style

The city of Ridgefield (pop. 4,763), northwest of Vancouver, is the home of the Arndt Prune Dryer (1898), one of the last traditional, farm-built prune dryer building in Washington.

On the National Register of Historic Places

The athletic teams at Ridgefield High School are known as the Spudders, because of the region’s potato-growing heritage.

In the city of Camas (pop. 19,355), east of Vancouver, the sports teams at Camas High School are called the Papermakers, because of its large Georgia-Pacific paper mill.

Richie Sexson, the tallest position player in Major League history (at 6’8″), grew up in the unincorporated community of Brush Prairie, north of Vancouver.

Indian, Brewer, Diamondback, Mariner, Yankee

NEXT: COWLITZ COUNTY

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Washington: Skamania County

Skamania County (pop. 11,066) is west of Klickitat County, along the Columbia River. “Skamania” comes from a Chinook word meaning “swift waters.”

Much of the county is in Pinchot National Forest.

Mount St. Helens is in the northern part of Skamania County. St. Helens last erupted in 1980, causing massive destruction and the deaths of 57 people.

The summit was reduced from 9,677 feet to 8,365 feet elevation.

Today, the mountain is part of Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument. Visitors may drive within four miles of the crater.

Mountain climbing is now allowed.

The county seat of Skamania County is the city of Stevenson (pop. 1,465).

Downtown Stevenson, Big River Grill on left

Stevenson is in the Columbia Gorge – an area that is extremely popular for windsurfing and kiteboarding.

Windsurfing on the Columbia

The Columbia Gorge Interpretive Center Museum, in Stevenson, has a variety of exhibits about local history.

Also the world’s largest collection of rosary beads

Beacon Rock State Park is west of Stevenson; the 848-foot-tall rock has long been a landmark on the Columbia River.

One of the world’s largest free-standing monoliths

The Bonneville Lock and Dam, which opened in 1937, crosses the Columbia to Oregon. Built and managed by the Army Corps of Engineers, it is a major producer of electricity.

“Roll on Columbia, roll on”

NEXT: CLARK COUNTY

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Washington: Klickitat County

Klickitat County (pop. 20,318) is south of Yakima County, along the Columbia River. The county was named for the Klickitat tribe of Yakama Native Americans.

The John Day Dam (1971) crosses the Columbia between Klickitat County and Oregon. Lake Umatilla is the reservoir behind the dam, which is the newest dam on the lower Columbia.

The county seat of Klickitat County is the city of Goldendale (pop. 3,407), located in the Klickitat Valley, a few miles north of the Columbia.

Mount Adams, from Goldendale

The Klickitat County Courthouse was built in 1941.

Goldendale Observatory State Park is just north of town. The observatory dates from 1973.

Atop a 2,100-foot hill with clear views

The city of White Salmon (pop. 2,193), on the Columbia, has the slogan “The Land Where the Sun Meets the Rain” because it’s between the wet Cascades and the dry Columbia Basin to the east.

Looking toward Mount Hood, Oregon

The Maryhill Museum of Art, on a bluff above the Columbia, was built in 1914 as a mansion for entrepreneur Samuel Hill. It opened as a museum in 1940.

The collection includes sculptures by Auguste Rodin.

The museum property includes a replica of Stonehenge, built in 1929.

NEXT: SKAMANIA COUNTY

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Washington: Yakima County

Yakima County (pop. 243,231) is south of Kittitas County. It is Washington’s second-largest county in square miles.

The Yakama Indian Reservation makes up about 36 percent of the county.

The county seat of Yakima County is the city of Yakima (pop. 91,067), located on the 214-mile Yakima River, a tributary of the Columbia.

A.E. Larson Building (1931)

William O. Douglas (1898-1980), longest-serving justice on the U.S. Supreme Court (36 years), grew up in Yakima and was valedictorian at Yakima High School.

William O. Douglas Federal Building (1912)

The Capitol Theatre in downtown Yakima opened in 1920 as the Mercy Theatre. It is now the home of the Yakima Symphony Orchestra.

Renovated after a fire in 1975

Author Raymond Carver (1938-1988) grew up in Yakima and graduated from Yakima High School.

Singer Gary Puckett grew up in Yakima and named his band Gary Puckett and the Union Gap (in 1967) for the nearby city of Union Gap.

That’s Gary in the middle.

Farms in the Yakima Valley, irrigated by the Yakima River, raise products such as grapes (about 50 wineries), apples, cherries, and about 75 percent of the hops grown in the U.S.

Yakima Valley hops

Southeast of Yakima, the city of Zillah (pop. 2,964) is the home of the Christian Worship Center – also known as the Church of God-Zillah.

The church’s traveling T-Rex statue

Also in Zillah is the former Teapot Dome Service Station (1922).

No longer in operation

Nearby, the city of Granger (pop. 3,246) has a collection of about 30 cement dinosaur sculptures, scattered around town.

Mount Adams (12,281 feet), second-tallest mountain in Washington, is in western Yakima County.

It hasn’t erupted for 1,400 years.

NEXT: KLICKITAT COUNTY

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Washington: Kittitas County

Kittitas County (pop. 40,915) is south of Chelan County. It’s the only Kittitas County in the U.S.

The county is bordered on the east by the Columbia River and on the west by the Cascades.

The county seat of Kittitas County is the city of Ellensburg (pop. 18,174).

Downtown Ellensburg

Downtown Ellensburg has a statue of a bull sitting on a bench, sculpted in 1986.

Ellensburg is the home of Central Washington University, founded in 1890 as the Washington State Normal School, for the training of teachers.

Barge Hall (1893)

Downtown Ellensburg also has a statue of Washoe, the first chimpanzee to communicate with American Sign Language. Washoe lived at Central Washington University for many years.

Washoe died in 2007 at age 42.

Ellensburg’s annual Dachshunds on Parade event takes place in June.

Up to 250 dogs in attendance

Olmstead Place State Park, east of Ellensburg, is a 217-acre working pioneer farm.

Day use only

Farther east, near the Columbia River, is the Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park. Just outside the park is the Ginkgo Gem Shop, with its collection of dinosaurs.

No dinosaur fossils have been found in Washington.

West of Ellensburg, in the town of South Cle Elum (pop. 532), the former Milwaukee Road bunkhouse (1909) is now the Iron Horse Inn Bed and Breakfast.

“Cle Elum” comes from a Kittitas word meaning “swift water.”

The former coal company town of Roslyn (pop. 900) was the real-life setting for the TV show “Northern Exposure” from 1990-95. Roslyn stood in for the fictional town of Cicely, Alaska.

 

NEXT: YAKIMA COUNTY

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Washington: Chelan County

Chelan County (pop. 72,453), Washington’s third-largest county in square miles, is across the Columbia River from Douglas County. Chelan is pronounced “shuh-LAN.”

Lake Chelan, 50 miles long and about one mile wide, is Washington’s largest natural lake. It has a maximum depth of 1,486 feet – the third-deepest lake in the U.S. (after Crater and Tahoe).

Fed by waters of the Cascades

Bonanza Peak, at 9,516 feet, is Washington’s tallest non-volcanic mountain.

In the Glacier Peak Wilderness

The county seat of Chelan County is the city of Wenatchee (pop. 31,925), located at the confluence of the Columbia and Wenatchee rivers.

Wenatchee hosts the Washington State Apple Blossom Festival every spring.

Amtrak’s “Empire Builder” train, which runs from Chicago to Seattle, stops at Wenatchee’s Columbia Station.

There’s also a station in Leavenworth.

Downtown Wenatchee has a statue of Guppo the Clown. Guppo has been played, for many years, by Paul K. Pugh, founder of the Wenatchee Youth Circus.

Outside the YMCA

The city of Leavenworth (pop. 1,965), northwest of Wenatchee, was redesigned as a Bavarian village in the 1960s.

The Leavenworth Ski Hill is nearby.

The Leavenworth Nutcracker Museum – a museum about nutcrackers – opened in 1995.

More than 6,000 nutcrackers

The city of Chelan (pop. 3,890) is at the southeastern tip of Lake Chelan. Lake Chelan Boat Company provides service from Chelan to the community of Stehekin, at the far end of the lake.

The Lady of the Lake

The Ruby Theatre in Chelan opened in 1913, and it’s still showing movies.

NEXT: KITTITAS COUNTY

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Washington: Douglas County

Douglas County (pop. 38,431) is south of Okanogan County. It is one of 12 Douglas counties, all named for Sen. Stephen Douglas (1813-1861) of Illinois.

He ran against Lincoln.

The county is bordered on the north and west by the Columbia River.

The central and eastern parts of the county are wheat-growing regions; the western part has many apple and cherry orchards.

Gala apple

The county seat of Douglas County is the city of Waterville (pop. 1,138), third-smallest county seat in Washington. Its population has consistently been between 850 and 1,200 since 1910.

Douglas County Courthouse (1905)

The Nifty Theater in Waterville dates from 1919.

America’s only Nifty Theater

Outside the Douglas County Museum in Waterville is a statue of a dowser – a man searching for water with a forked stick.

Life-size bronze

The largest city in Douglas County is East Wenatchee (pop. 13,190), located across the Columbia River from Wenatchee, which is in Chelan County.

The Sellar Bridge across the Columbia

The Pangborn-Herndon Memorial Site commemorates the first nonstop flight across the Pacific Ocean – from Japan to East Wenatchee in 41 hours in 1931.

The aviators were Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon II.

Lincoln Rock State Park is just north of East Wenatchee.

The rock supposedly looks like Abe’s profile.

NEXT: CHELAN COUNTY

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Washington: Okanogan County

Okanogan County (pop. 41,120) is Washington’s largest county, in square miles. It is pronounced “oak-a-NOG-in.”

The Columbia River is the county’s southern border.

The 115-mile Okanogan River flows from north to south through the county. The river begins in British Columbia.

Okanogan River Valley, near Riverside

In Canada, the river and the region are spelled “Okanagan,” not “Okanogan.”

The county seat of Okanogan County is the city of Okanogan (pop. 2,552).

Okanogan County Courthouse (1914)

The county’s largest city is Omak (pop. 4,845), located nine miles northeast of Okanogan.

Omak Theater (1939)

Just east of Omak, above Omak Lake on the Colville Indian Reservation, is the Omak Rock. This balanced rock was carried from its original location by Ice Age glaciers.

Such rocks are known as “glacial erratics.”

For more than 70 years, Omak has had an annual Suicide Race – a horse race that goes 225 feet down Suicide Hill, a 62-degree slope, to the Okanogan River.

Part of the Omak Stampede rodeo

On the Colville Reservation, Chief Joseph (1840-1904), leader of the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce, is buried in the town of Nespelem (pop. 236).

Chief Joseph Memorial

South of Nespelem, the Grand Coulee Dam (1942) crosses the Columbia River between Okanogan and Grant counties.

American’s largest producer of electricity

NEXT: DOUGLAS COUNTY

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Washington: Ferry County

Ferry County (pop. 7,551) is along the Canadian border, between Okanogan and Stevens counties. It’s the only Ferry County in the U.S.

Although Ferry County is bordered by the Columbia and Kettle rivers on the south and east, it was not named for a river ferry; it was named for Elisha P. Ferry, first governor of the state of Washington.

1825-1895

Much of the county is in the Kettle River Range, which runs north-south into British Columbia.

The county’s highest highway pass

The county’s southern part is in the Colville Indian Reservation.

St. Rose of Lima Church, in the community of Keller

The county seat of Ferry County is the city of Republic, the second-smallest county seat in Washington, with a population of 1,073.

Republic’s population has been around 1,000 for a century.

Republic, founded by gold prospectors in the late 19th century, was named for the Great Republic mining claim.

Early Republic

The Stonerose Interpretive Center and Fossil Site in Republic displays fossils from organisms that lived in the area in the Eocene Epic.

50 million years ago

Curlew Lake State Park is a few miles north of Republic.

NEXT: OKANOGAN COUNTY

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Washington: Lincoln County

Lincoln County (pop. 10,570) is southwest of Stevens County. It’s one of 23 Lincoln counties in the U.S.

Lincoln County is one of the most productive wheat-growing counties in the U.S.

Only Whitman County produces more.

The Columbia and Spokane rivers form the northern border of the county.

Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area, on the Columbia

The county seat of Lincoln County is the city of Davenport (pop. 1,734).

Lincoln County Courthouse

Davenport is the home of the National UFO Reporting Center, founded in 1974.

West of Davenport on Highway 2, near the town of Creston (pop. 236), is a small roadside chapel, built of logs.

Enough seats for 18 travelers

East of Davenport is the town of Reardan (pop. 571), where author Sherman Alexie went to high school.

In the southern part of the county, the town of Odessa (pop. 910) has an annual Deutschesfest, celebrating the German-Russian heritage of many of its residents.

Up to 20,000 visitors annually

NEXT: FERRY COUNTY

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Washington: Stevens County

Stevens County (pop. 43,531) was named for Isaac Stevens (1818-1862), first governor of the Washington Territory. Kansas and Minnesota also have Stevens counties.

Minnesota’s was also named for him.

The county is bordered by British Columbia on the north, the Spokane River on the south, and the Columbia and Kettle rivers on the west.

The county seat of Stevens County is the city of Colville (pop. 4,673).

Stevens County Courthouse (1939)

The Opera House and I.O.O.F. Lodge in Colville dates from 1911.

Now occupied by small businesses

The Alpine Theater in Colville shows first-run movies. The Auto-Vue Drive-In in Colville was eastern Washington’s last drive-in theater when it closed in 2013.

The city of Kettle Falls (pop. 1,595) was named for the nearby falls on the Columbia River – an important fishing site for Native Americans until it was covered by the waters of Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake in 1941.

More than 100 miles upriver from Grand Coulee Dam

NEXT: LINCOLN COUNTY

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Washington: Pend Oreille County

Pend Oreille (pond-uh-RAY) County is in the far northeastern corner of Washington, bordering Idaho and British Columbia. It has a population of 13,001.

The only Pend Oreille county

The county was named for the Pend d’Oreilles tribe. The name “Pend d’Oreille” is French for “hangs from ears.” The tribe received the name because of the large shell earrings that the people wore.

They are also known as the Kalispel.

The 130-mile Pend Oreille River enters the county from Idaho, then flows north into British Columbia; it joins the Columbia River in Canada.

Box Canyon Hydroelectric Project

The Selkirk Mountains run north-south through the county.

In Colville National Forest

The county seat of Pend Oreille County is the city of Newport (pop. 2,126), in the southeastern corner of the county.

Courthouse (1915)

The Roxy Theater in Newport opened in 1951.

Showing first-run movies

Newport is adjacent to the town of Oldtown, Idaho.

On the Pend Oreille River

The town of Metaline Falls (pop. 238) is in the northern part of the county, on the edge of Colville National Forest.

Metaline Falls

The Cutter Theatre in Metaline Falls was built in 1912 as a school. It reopened as a theater in 1991.

The building also has a library, classrooms, and an art gallery.

NEXT: STEVENS COUNTY

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Washington: Spokane County

Spokane County (pop. 471,221) is north of Whitman County. It is Washington’s fourth-most-populous county.

The county seat of Spokane C0unty is the city of Spokane (pop. 208,916), second-largest city in Washington. The city and county were named for the Spokane tribe.

Spokane County Courthouse (1895)

Singer Bing Crosby (1903-1977) grew up in Spokane. In 1926, Crosby and his band were the house band at Spokane’s Clemmer Theater (built in 1914). The theater was renamed the Bing Crosby Theater in 2006.

Bing seated on drum

Spokane hosted a World’s Fair (Expo ’74) in the downtown area along the Spokane River. The fair featured the world’s first IMAX theater, inside the United States Pavilion.

Riverfront Park now occupies much of the site.

River Park Square is an enclosed shopping mall in downtown Spokane; it opened in 1974 and was renovated in 1999. Anchor stores are Macy’s and Nordstrom.

The movie theater has 20 screens.

The Davenport Hotel in downtown Spokane, which opened in 1914, was the first U.S. hotel with air conditioning. It was renovated in 2002.

Lobby of the Davenport Hotel

The two Benewah Dairy Company milk bottles are local landmarks in Spokane.

Built in 1935

The Fox Theater, built in 1931 in the Art Deco style, is now the Martin Woldson Theater. It is the home of the Spokane Symphony.

View from the stage

Another local landmark is the giant red wagon in Riverfront Park. It was built in 1990.

It has a slide for children.

Father’s Day was founded at the YMCA in Spokane in 1910. It is now celebrated in the U.S. on the third Sunday in June.

Spokane is the home of Gonzaga University, a Roman Catholic university founded in 1887, and Whitworth University (1890), affiliated with the Presbyterian church.

John Stockton is in the Basketball Hall of Fame.

About 16 miles southwest of Spokane is the city of Cheney, home of Eastern Washington University, a public university with about 12,000 students.

12,000-seat Roos Field has red turf.

Mount Spokane State Park, northeast of Spokane, is Washington’s largest state park. The mountain is 5,883 feet tall.

It has a ski area.

NEXT: PEND OREILLE COUNTY

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Washington: Whitman County

Whitman County is in southeastern Washington, along the border with Idaho. The Snake River is the county’s southern border.

The county was named for Marcus Whitman (1802-1847), who started a mission for the Cayuse tribe in the area that became Walla Walla.

Whitman County is in the rich agricultural area known as the Palouse. Barley, wheat, dry peas, and lentils are important crops.

Palouse Hills in Whitman County

The county seat of Whitman County is the city of Colfax (pop. 2,805), located at the confluence of the north and south forks of the Palouse River.

Colfax, with Steptoe Butte on horizon

The Codger Pole is a 65-foot, chainsaw-carved sculpture in Colfax. Created in 1991, it commemorates a high school football game played in 1938.

The world’s tallest football monument

Stuntman and rodeo star Yakima Canutt (1895-1986) was born and raised in the Colfax area.

The largest city in Whitman County is Pullman (pop. 29,799), home of Washington State University. Founded in 1890, WSU is Washington’s land grant university.

About 19,000 students

Pullman is only about nine miles from Moscow, Idaho – home of the University of Idaho.

Pullman was named for George Pullman (1831-1897), founder of the Pullman Palace Car Company, which manufactured and operated the Pullman sleeping cars that were once ubiquitous on American long-distance trains.

A 1920s sleeping car

Pullman hosts the National Lentil Festival every year.

World’s Largest Bowl of Lentil Chili

Palouse Falls State Park is in the southwestern part of Whitman County, near where the Palouse River enters the Snake River.

The waterfall is in both Whitman and Franklin counties.

NEXT: SPOKANE COUNTY

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Washington: Adams County

Adams County (pop. 18,728), east of Grant County, is shaped liked a horizontal reflection of Oklahoma.

Adams County in 1909

The 12 Adams counties in the U.S. are named for four different Adamses. This Adams County was named for John Adams (1735-1826), the second president.

The county seat of Adams County is the city of Ritzville (pop. 1,673), one of Washington’s smallest county seats.

Adams County Courthouse (1941)

Ritzville’s Carnegie Library (1907) is still open as the city’s library.

The Ritz Theatre in Ritzville opened in 1937.

Still showing movies

The largest city in Adams County is Othello (pop. 7,364), located in the irrigated agricultural area in the county’s southwestern corner.

Columbia National Wildlife Refuge is just outside Othello.

Ducks landing in a cornfield

The city of Lind (pop. 572) is known for its annual Combine Demolition Derby.

Speeds of up to 15 mph

Adams County is in the middle of the eastern Washington region known as the “Channeled Scablands” – a barren area that apparently resulted from massive flooding, about 13,000 years ago, at the end of the last Ice Age.

Near Othello

NEXT: WHITMAN COUNTY

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Washington: Grant County

Grant County (pop. 89,120) is northwest of Franklin County. It is one of 14 Grant counties (and one Grant parish) in the U.S., most of them named for President Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885).

Including Washington

The Columbia River makes up part of the southern and western borders of the county; the Grand Coulee Dam (on the Columbia) is in the far northeastern corner of the county.

Construction of the Grand Coulee Dam (1933-1942) eventually led to the Columbia Basin Project – the largest water reclamation project in the U.S. As a result, a huge area of former desert in southern Grant County is now irrigated farmland.

More than 40 different crops are grown in the county, including tree fruit, wheat, corn, and a variety of vegetables.

Grant County irrigation

The county seat of Grant County is the city of Ephrata (pop. 7,664).

Grant County Courthouse (1918)

The largest city in Grant County is Moses Lake. Its population was 328 in 1940, before the Columbia Basin Project began. By 1960, the population was 11,299, and in 2010 it was 20,366.

Named for the adjacent lake

The Moses Lake Museum and Art Center has a life-size sculpture of a Columbian mammath, made entirely of farm implements.

14 feet tall

The city of Mattawa (pop. 4,437) has a library constructed with 330 bales of straw, plus wire mesh and stucco.

First one in the U.S.

The city of Soap Lake (pop. 1,514) is the home of the 9-hole, par-3 Lava Links Desert Golf, where golfers play through sagebrush, sand, and desert vegetation.

Suggested donation is $1-$2.

The city of George (Washington) has a population of 501. The “World’s Largest Cherry Pie” is baked there every July 4.

8 feet by 8 feet

Steamboat Rock State Park and Sun Lakes-Dry Falls State Park are in Grant County.

Steamboat Rock State Park and Banks Lake

NEXT: ADAMS COUNTY

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Washington: Franklin County

Franklin County (pop. 78,163) is east of Benton County. It is bordered by the Snake River on the south and the Columbia River on the west.

Franklin County in 1895

Franklin County is in an area of dryland wheat and irrigated fruit and vegetable farming.

The county has several wineries.

Twenty-four of the 25 Franklin counties in the U.S. were named for Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790); the one in Idaho was named for Franklin D. Richards (1821-1899), an early leader of the Mormon Church.

None is named for the comic book character Franklin Richards.

The county seat of Franklin County is the city of Pasco (pop. 59,781), one of Washington’s Tri-Cities, along with Richland and Kennewick.

Pasco’s population has been growing rapidly in recent years – it was 32,066 in 2000 and has reached 77,000 in 2014 – mainly because of the annexation of new developments in the West Pasco area.

West Pasco and the Columbia River

The old Carnegie Library in Pasco is now the Franklin County Historical Museum.

Built in 1910

Amtrak’s “Empire Builder,” between Chicago and Portland, makes its only Tri-Cities stop at the Pasco Intermodal Train Station. Tri-Cities Airport is also in Franklin County, just northwest of Pasco.

Delta, United, Alaska, and Allegiant fly there.

Sacajawea State Park is at the confluence of the Snake and Columbia rivers in Pasco.

Aerial view of Sacajawea State Park

Cinematographer James Wong Howe (1899-1986) was born in China but grew up in Pasco.

He won an Academy Award for “Hud” in 1963.

NEXT: GRANT COUNTY

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Washington: Benton County

Benton County (pop. 175,177) is bordered by the Columbia River on its north, south, and east sides.

Benton County in 1909

It is one of nine Benton counties in the U.S. and one of seven named for Thomas Hart Benton (1782-1858), U.S. senator from Missouri and a strong advocate of the country’s westward expansion.

A senator from 1821 to 1851

Benton County is best known for the 586-square-mile Hanford Site, established in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project to produce plutonium for the first nuclear bombs. The small town of Hanford was abandoned when the Hanford Site was built.

Hanford Site in 1960, along the Columbia River

Today, a main focus at the Hanford Site is the environmental cleanup; the site also has an operating nuclear power plant and various centers of scientific research.

The Hanford Reach is a 51-mile, free-flowing area of the Columbia River, much of it adjacent to the Hanford Site.

Hanford Reach National Monument was created in 2000.

The county seat of Benton County is the city of Prosser (pop. 5,714), located on the Yakima River in the western part of the county.

Benton County Courthouse (1926)

Most of the population of Benton County lives in the Tri-Cities area of Richland, Kennewick, and Pasco. along the Columbia River. Richland and Kennewick are in Benton County.

Kennewick (pop. 73,917) is the largest of the Tri-Cities. It is famous for Kennewick Man, a prehistoric man from about 7000 B.C., who was discovered along the Columbia River there in 1996.

Patrick Stewart on left, Kennewick Man on right

The Cable Bridge (1978), connecting Kennewick and Pasco, is one of seven major bridges in the Tri-Cities area.

Built of prestressed concrete

The 7,700-seat Toyota Center (1988) in Kennewick is the home of the Western Hockey League’s Tri-City Americans and the Indoor Football League’s Tri-Cities Fever.

The Fever were founded in 2005.

Richland (pop. 48,058) is the home of Washington State University Tri-Cities, founded in 1989. At Richland High School, the sports teams are known as the Bombers.

Actress Sharon Tate was Miss Richland of 1959. She was one of five people killed by the Manson Family in 1969 in Los Angeles.

In “The Fearless Vampire Killers” (1967)

NEXT: FRANKLIN COUNTY

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Washington: Walla Walla County

Walla Walla County (pop. 58,781) is bordered by the Snake River on the north, the Columbia River on the west, and Oregon on the south. It was named for the Walla Walla tribe.

“Walla Walla” means “many waters.”

The Walla Walla River begins in the Blue Mountains of Oregon before flowing west through Walla Walla County and entering the Columbia River.

The county seat, the city of Walla Walla (pop. 31,731), is in the southern part of the county, a few miles north of the Oregon border.

The area has more than 100 vineyards.

The 13-story Marcus Whitman Hotel in downtown Walla Walla dates from 1927.

The hotel is named for Dr. Marcus Whitman (1802-1847). Whitman and his wife, Narcissa, started a mission to the Indians in the area in 1836. They died in the “Whitman Massacre” of 1847.

“Great Grave” at Whitman Mission National Historic Site

Whitman College in Walla Walla was founded in 1859. The private, liberal-arts college has about 1,500 students.

Memorial Hall (1899)

William O. Douglas (1898-1980), the longest-serving justice on the U.S. Supreme Court (1939-1975), graduated from Whitman College.

So did Adam West

The Liberty Theater in downtown Walla Wall, built in 1917, is now part of a Macy’s department store.

Craftsman or Art Nouveau style

Walla Walla sweet onions were first developed in the area in about 1900; the seeds came from Corsica.

Walla Walla’s Northern Pacific Railway depot (1914) now has a restaurant.

Passenger service ended in 1956.

Melody Muffler in Walla Walla is known for its “muffler art” metal sculptures created by owner Mike Hammond.

Walla Walla has been the home of the Washington State Penitentiary since 1887.

NEXT: BENTON COUNTY

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Washington: Columbia County

Columbia County (pop. 4,078) is the third-least-populous county in Washington. It reached its peak population of 7,128 in 1900.

Columbia County in 1909

The county is named for the Columbia River; the Snake River, a Columbia tributary, is the county’s northern boundary.

Snake River Bridge at Lyons Ferry (1927)

The county seat of Columbia County is the city of Dayton (pop. 2,526).

Washington’s oldest working courthouse (1887)

Dayton has the oldest surviving railroad depot in the state. It dates from 1881.

Now a museum

The restored Liberty Theater in Dayton was built in 1921. It now has a mixture of films and live performances.

147 seats and a balcony

In the town of Starbuck (pop. 129), the former Bank of Starbuck (1904) is now City Hall.

The coffee company is named for the character in “Moby Dick.”

The Blue Mountains and Umatilla National Forest are in the southern part of the county.

Oregon Butte Lookout

Ski Bluewood is an alpine ski area in the Blue Mountains, southeast of Dayton. It has a vertical drop of 1,125 feet.

NEXT: WALLA WALLA COUNTY

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Washington: Garfield County

Garfield County (pop. 2,266) is the least-populous county in Washington. It is one of six Garfield counties in the U.S., all west of the Mississippi and all named for James A. Garfield, the 20th president.

Garfield County is in a wheat-growing area. Its population has declined steadily from a peak of 4,199 in 1910, as farms have gotten larger and farmers have gotten fewer.

Wheat fields south of Pomeroy

The oddly shaped Garfield County is bordered by the Snake River on the north and Oregon on the south.

The county seat of Garfield County is the city of Pomeroy (pop. 1,425) – the county’s only city.

Downtown Pomeroy

The Garfield County Courthouse was built in 1901 in Late Victorian style.

It replaced a wooden courthouse that burned down.

The Seeley Theater in Pomeroy is undergoing restoration.

Built in 1913

A collection of metal animal sculptures can be found along Highway 12, a few miles east of Pomeroy.

Also an alligator, shark, and eagle

NEXT: COLUMBIA COUNTY

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Washington: Asotin County

We begin our virtual trip through the 39 counties of Washington in Asotin County, located in the far southeastern corner of the state. This is the route that we’ll be taking.

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“Asotin” (pronounced “us-OH-tun”) is derived from a Nez Perce word meaning “eel creek.”

A wheat-growing region

The county is bordered by Oregon on the south and by the Snake River and Idaho on the east.

The county seat of  Asotin County is the city of Asotin (pop. 1,251), fourth-smallest county seat in Washington.

On the Snake River

Six miles north of Asotin is Clarkston (pop. 7,229), the county’s largest city. Clarkston is at the confluence of the Snake and Clearwater rivers, across the Snake from Lewiston, Idaho.

Clarkston on right

Clarkston and Lewiston, in the Lewis-Clark Valley, were named for Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, who explored the area on their 1804-06 Corps of Discovery Expedition.

They never set foot on the Clarkston side.

Clarkston’s ZIP Code of 99403 is the highest ZIP code in the contiguous United States.

The Lewis-Clark Valley is considered the Gateway to Hells Canyon – the canyon on the Snake River between Oregon and Idaho that is North America’s deepest river gorge.

7,993 feet deep

Fields Spring State Park is in the southern part of the county. It has the only two teepees in Washington state parks – available for campers for $30 per night.

Accommodating up to six persons

NEXT: GARFIELD COUNTY

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