Pennsylvania: Jefferson County

Jefferson County (pop. 45,200) is east of Clarion County. It’s one of the 26 counties (plus one parish) named, directly or indirectly, for President Thomas Jefferson.

Second from left

The county reached its peak population of 63,090 in 1910.

The county seat of Jefferson County is the borough of Brookville (pop. 3,924).

Jefferson County Courthouse (1869)

The Moonlite Drive-in in Brookville has been open since 1952. It stays open more of the year than many drive-ins, from March until late fall.

The Jefferson County History Center is operated by the Jefferson County Historical Society.

Opened in 2004

The largest community in Jefferson County is Punxsutawney (pop. 5,962), the “Weather Capital of the World.”

Every year on Feb. 2, on Gobbler’s Knob, groundhog Punxsutawney Phil predicts whether or not there will be six more weeks of winter.

The ceremony dates from 1887.

The 1993 movie “Groundhog Day” featured Punxsutawney Phil.

Actually filmed in Illinois

During the rest of the year, Phil can be viewed at the Groundhog Zoo (now called Phil’s Burrow) – a terrarium that’s built into the Punxsutawney library.

Punxsutawney has a museum called the Weather Discovery Center inside the former Federal Building and Post Office (1914).

The community of Reynoldsville (pop. 2,759) was the hometown of baseball great Albert Walter “Sparky” Lyle. He was a relief pitcher for five Major League teams between 1967 and 1982.

Clear Creek State Park has hiking, fishing, hunting and canoeing, plus overnight accommodations in cabins and yurts.



Pennsylvania: Clarion County

Clarion County (pop. 39,988) is north of Armstrong County. It’s the only Clarion County in the U.S.

Clarion County in 1895

The county got its name from the 110-mile Clarion River, a tributary of the Allegheny River. The river got its name from a surveyor who thought it sounded like a distant clarion.

It flows west-southwest.

The county seat of Clarion County is Clarion (pop. 5,276).

Clarion County Courthouse (1885)

On the south side of Clarion, adjacent to Interstate 80, is the enclosed Clarion Mall, with a J.C. Penney and a Kmart.

Clarion University of Pennsylvania was founded in 1867 as the Carrier Seminary of Western Pennsylvania. It has about 5,000 students.

The Sutton-Ditz House (1847), in Classical Revival style, is now the museum of the Clarion County Historical Society.

The nine-hole Foxburg Country Club, west of Clarion, is the oldest golf course in continuous use in the U.S. It opened in 1887.

Open to the public

Pro Football Hall of Famer Jim Kelly grew up in the community of East Brady (pop. 942). He was an All-State quarterback for East Brady High School.

Buffalo Bills, 1986-96

On State Route 36 is a giant Yogi Bear statue.


Pennsylvania: Armstrong County

Armstrong County (pop. 68,941) is east of Butler County. The only other Armstrong County is in Texas.

Armstrong County in 1911

The county was named for John Armstrong (1717-1795), a general in the Revolutionary War and a delegate to the Continental Congress for Pennsylvania.

The county seat of Armstrong County is the borough of Kittanning (pop. 4,044), pronouned k-TAN-ing. The name came from Delaware Indian words meaning “on the main river.”

On the Allegheny River

The Armstrong County Courthouse is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Built in 1860

A Muffler Man holding a hamburger is in front of the Cadet Restaurant in Kittanning.

Ford City (pop. 2,991) was a company town, founded in 1887 by the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company (now PPG Industries). Its factory once employed 5,000 workers; it was closed in the 1990s.

The city of Parker (pop. 840) has been called “The Smallest City in the USA.” It briefly had a population of 20,000 in the 1870s, during the northwestern Pennsylvania Oil Boom.

In the winter of 2014, Parker was the site of a massive ice jam on the Allegheny River, causing minor flooding.

The Brady’s Bend Iron Company Furnaces, in Brady’s Bend Township, are on the National Register of Historic Places. They’ve been called “The Cradle of the Iron and Steel Industry in America.”

Dating from the 1840s

The borough of Leechburg (pop. 2,156) was the first place where natural gas was used for industrial purposes. Leechburg’s population peaked at 4,489, in 1930.


Pennsylvania: Butler County

Butler County (pop. 183,862) is east of Lawrence County. It’s one of eight Butler counties, and one of the three named for General Richard Butler (1743-1791), a hero of the Revolutionary War.

Butler County in 1911

The county is just north of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh; its population has grown in every decade since 1800.

The county seat of Butler County is the city of Butler (pop. 13,757). Butler reached its peak population of 24,477 in 1940.

Butler County Courthouse (1895)

The Butler County National Bank (1903) was converted into apartments in 1993.

Playthings Etc., “The World’s Coolest Toy Store,” is a large toy store that’s shaped like a Stealth bomber.

Wood frame and aluminum skin

Butler was the longtime home of the Standard Steel Car Company (later Pullman-Standard), a large rail car manufacturer. The plant closed in 1982 and was demolished in 2005.

Rick Santorum grew up in Butler and attended Butler Senior High School. He was a U.S. senator from Pennsylvania, 1995-2007, and ran for the presidency in 2012.

The low-budget 1968 horror cult classic “Night of the Living Dead” was filmed in the vicinity of Evans City (pop. 1,833). Evans City has a Living Dead Museum and Gift Shop.

Evans City Cemetery

The borough of Saxonburg (pop. 1,525) was founded in 1832 by John A. Roebling (1806-1869), who designed the Brooklyn Bridge.

Replica in Roebling Park

The borough of Portersville (pop. 235) has an ice-cream stand shaped like a snowman.

The borough of Slippery Rock is the home of Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania (1889), a public university with about 9,000 students.


Pennsylvania: Lawrence County

Lawrence County (pop. 91,108) is south of Mercer County, on the border with Ohio. It’s one of 11 Lawrence counties, and one of the 10 named for naval officer James Lawrence (1781-1813).

Lawrence County in 1911

The county seat of Lawrence County is the city of New Castle (pop. 23,128). New Castle reached its peak population of 48,834 in 1950.

Lawrence County Courthouse (1855)

New Castle has been known as “The Hot Dog Capital of the World” and “The Fireworks Capital of America.” The city’s Coney Island hot dog business was founded in the 1920s by Greek immigrants.

The fireworks industry in New Castle also dates from the early 20th century, and the city is still headquarters of the fireworks company Pyrotecnico.

The Scottish Rite Cathedral (1925) in New Castle, with 2,800 seats, has been used as a Masonic meeting place, movie theater, and concert hall. It currently hosts a variety of special events.

Football coach Mark Mangino was born in New Castle in 1956 and grew up there. He has been head coach at the University of Kansas and an assistant coach at Iowa State.

As a Jayhawk

The State Theater in New Castle is the home of the New Castle Playhouse.

The borough of New Wilmington (pop. 2,466) is the home of Westminster College, a liberal arts college founded in 1852, affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).

About 1,100 students

The borough of Ellwood City (pop. 7,921) is the home of the Orthodox Monastery of the Transfiguration (1967), the first English-language Orthodox monastery in North America.

The monastery was founded by Princess Ileana of Romania (1909-1991), a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria and of Tsar Alexander II. She was abbess of the monastery until her retirement in 1981.



Pennsylvania: Mercer County

Mercer County (pop. 116,638) is west of Venango County, on the border with Ohio.

Mercer County in 1911

It’s one of eight Mercer counties, and one of the six named for Gen. Hugh Mercer (1726-1777), who died from wounds received at the Battle of Princeton during the Revolutionary War.

Born in Scotland

The county seat of Mercer County is the borough of Mercer (pop. 2,002).

Mercer County Courthouse (1911)

The Mercer Livestock Auction has a large statue of a bull.

Trent Reznor, founder of Nine Inch Nails, grew up in Mercer.

The largest city in Mercer County is Hermitage (pop. 16,220).

Avenue of Flags, Hermitage

The city of Sharon (pop. 14,038), is the home of Reyers Shoe Store, called “The World’s Largest Shoe Store.”

The Buhl Farm Golf Course in Sharon is America’s only free public golf course.

9 holes


Penn State Shenango, in downtown Sharon, is the only urban campus in the Penn State system. Established in 1965, it has about 600 students.

Sharon is in the Shenango Valley.

Daffin’s Chocolate Kingdom is a large candy store in Sharon. The store features a 400-pound chocolate turtle and a 125-pound chocolate reindeer.

The city of Farrell (formerly known as South Sharon) had a population of 15,586 in 1920, when its steel mill was in full operation. The Sharon Steel Corporation closed in 1992; its 2010 population was 5,111.

The author E.L. Konigsburg (1930-2013) was high school valedictorian in Farrell.



Pennsylvania: Venango County

Venango County (pop. 54,984), west of Forest County, is the only Venango County. The name “Venango” came from the Native American word for the region (“Onenge,” meaning “otter”).

Venango County in 1895

Venango County was the site of an oil boom in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The first commercial oil well in the U.S. was the Drake Well (1859), in northern Venango County.

Drake Well Museum

The county seat of Venango County is the city of Franklin (pop. 6,545). Franklin reached its peak population of 10,254 in 1930.

Venango County Courthouse (1867)

The Barrow-Civic Theatre dates from 1946. It now has a variety of plays, concerts, and other events.

The DeBence Antique Music World is a museum with a collection of more than 100 antique mechanical musical instruments, located in a former “five and dime” store.

The Dairy Queen on the southwest side of town has an Apollo spacecraft in front.

John Wilkes Booth (1838-1865) spent much of 1864 in Franklin, trying to make a living with oil-drilling.

He formed the Dramatic Oil Company.

Eight miles east of Franklin is Oil City (pop. 10,557), largest city in Venango County. It had a population of 21,247 in 1930.

Latonia Theater (1928)

The four-story National Transit Building in Oil City dates from 1890. John D. Rockefeller had a Standard Oil Co. office there.

It now has spaces for artists.

The community of Rouseville (pop. 472) has the oldest producing oil well in the world. McClintock Well No. 1 has been pumping oil since 1861.

Pithole City is a ghost town, northeast of Oil City. An early oil boomtown, it had a population of 20,000 in 1865, but was unincorporated by 1877. A visitor center was opened in 1972.

The Methodist church was here.


Pennsylvania: Forest County

Forest County (pop. 7,716) is west of Elk County. Forest County is the third-least-populous county in Pennsylvania.

Forest County in 1895

The county was named for the many forests within its boundaries.

The county’s population increased 56% from 2000 (when it was 4,946) to 2010, because of the opening of the State Correctional Institution-Forest, a maximum-security prison.

Built in 2004

The county seat of Forest County is the borough of Tionesta (pop. 483), second-smallest county seat in Pennsylvania.

The privately owned, 75-foot Sherman Memorial Lighthouse (2004) is on Lighthouse Island (actually a peninsula) in the Allegheny River in Tionesta. It is open occasionally for tours.

60 miles from navigable water (Lake Erie)

Tionesta Lake is a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers reservoir, built in 1940 for flood control.

Popular for boating and fishing

Cook Forest State Park, southeast of Tionesta, is known for its virgin white pine and hemlock forests.

The finest old-growth forest in the state


Pennsylvania: Elk County

Elk County (pop. 31,946) is west of Cameron County. The only other Elk counties are in Kansas and Poland.

Elk County in 1895

The county was named for the Eastern elk that have historically inhabited the region. Elk hunting is allowed in Elk County and other nearby counties.

The county seat of Elk County is the borough of Ridgway (pop. 4,078), “The Gateway to Allegheny National Forest.” A century ago, Ridgway was a wealthy center of the lumber industry in Pennsylvania.

Elk County Courthouse (1879)

Ridgway is the home of the annual Ridgway Chainsaw Carver’s Rendezvous, an event dedicated to carving wood with chainsaws. It brings participants from around the world.

The largest community in Elk County is the city of St. Marys (pop. 13,070). Founded by Bavarian Roman Catholics, its name was originally Marienstadt (Mary’s City).

Apollo Theatre (1928)

Straub Brewery (1872), of St. Marys, is the third-oldest brewery in the U.S. It is still owned and operated by its founding family, now in its seventh generation.

The brewery is famous among visitors for the free drinks from its “Eternal Tap.”

St. Marys was the home of St. Joseph Monastery, the first Benedictine convent in the U.S. It was founded in 1852 and closed in 2014.

The 17 nuns dispersed to other monasteries.

Decker’s Chapel (1856) is one of several churches in the U.S. known as “The Smallest Church in the U.S.”

12 feet by 18 feet

The borough of Johnsonburg had a 2010 population of 2,483. In 1920, when its paper mills were at their busiest,  the population was 5,400.

Johnsonburg still has a paper mill.

Johnsonburg’s mills once printed the “Saturday Evening Post.” More recently, paper for the “Harry Potter” books was produced there.

Johnsonburg is the hometown of the record producer and musician Meco (Domenico Monardo), best know for the 1977 space disco version of the “Star Wars” theme.


Pennsylvania: Cameron County

Cameron County (pop. 5,085) is west of Clinton County. It is Pennsylvania’s least-populous county.

The only other Cameron County is in Texas; Louisiana has a Cameron Parish. This one was named for Pennsylvania Senator Simon Cameron (1799-1889).

U.S. Secretary of War under Lincoln

The county seat of Cameron County is the borough of Emporium (pop. 2,073).

Cameron County Courthouse (1890)

The Cameron County Historical Society has a Little Museum, south of Emporium.

The unincorporated village of Mix Run was the birthplace and childhood home of the silent film star Tom Mix (1880-1940).

The West Creek rail trail opened in June 2017. It runs 18 miles from Emporium to St. Marys.

Cameron County has three state parks – Sizerville, Sinnemahoning, and Bucktail Natural Area.


Pennsylvania: Clinton County

Clinton County (pop. 39,238) is west of Lycoming County. It’s one of nine Clinton counties, and one of the seven named for DeWitt Clinton (1769-1828), the New York governor who was largely responsible for the construction of the Erie Canal.

The Susquehanna River flows through it.

The county seat of Clinton County is the city of Lock Haven (pop. 9,772). The courthouse was built in 1867 in Italian Villa style.

Towers added later

The Roxy Theatre in Lock Haven dates from 1924.

The only movie theater in Clinton County

The Piper Aircraft Corporation built private planes in Lock Haven for almost 50 years,  starting in 1937. Today, Lock Haven is the home of the Piper Aviation Museum.

Lock Haven is the home of Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania, a state university with about 4,600 students. It was founded in 1870 as Central State Normal School.

The Clinton County Historical Society has a museum in Heisey House (1831), the first brick building in Lock Haven.

Farmhouse in Federal style

The borough of Beech Creek (pop. 701) is the hometown of Alison Bechdel, author of the graphic memoir “Fun Home,” which became a Tony Award-winning musical of the same name.

Beech Creek

The borough of Renovo (pop. 1,228) was once well-known for its complex of Pennsylvania Railroad shops. Its population was 5,877 in 1920.

Annual Flaming Foliage Festival Parade

Clinton County has five state parks.

Hyner View State Park


Pennsylvania: Lycoming County

Lycoming County (pop. 116,111) is west of Sullivan County. It is the only Lycoming County in the U.S., and is Pennsylvania’s largest county in land area.

Larger than Rhode Island

The county seat of Lycoming County is the city of Williamsport (pop. 29,385), which is best known as the birthplace of Little League Baseball (in 1939) and the home of the Little League World Series (since 1947).

Games are actually played in South Williamsport.

Williamsport was a very prosperous city in the late 19th century, thanks to the lumber industry. It reportedly had more millionaires per capital than any other city in the world.

Homes on “Millionaires Row”

The athletic teams at Williamsport High School are known as the Millionaires.

The Community Arts Center in Williamsport opened in 1928 as the Capitol Theatre. It was restored in 1993.

More than 2,100 seats

Lycoming College, in Williamsport, is a liberal arts college with about 1,400 students. It was founded in 1812 as the Williamsport Academy for the Education of Youth in the English and Other Languages.

Affiliated with United Methodist Church

The former U.S. Post Office (1891) is now Williamsport City Hall.

The former City Hall (1894) is now the City Hall Grand Hotel.

Not the same building

The 11-story Genetti Hotel was built in 1921 as the Lycoming Hotel. It is still open as a hotel.

Easy walk to the Susquehanna River

The Williamsport Crosscutters, affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies in the short-season Single-A New York-Penn League, play at Bowman Field (1926), second-oldest minor league ballpark in the U.S.

Now officially known as BB&T Ballpark

The weekly newspaper “Grit” was founded in Williamsport in 1882. In the first half of the 20th century, it was very popular in rural areas through much of the U.S., with a circulation of more than 400,000.

Moved to Topeka in 1992

Lycoming County has a community called Jersey Shore (pop. 4,361), on the West Branch Susquehanna River. Its founding family came from New Jersey.

Near the Lycoming Mall in the borough of Muncy (pop. 2,477) is a 90-foot steel sculpture known as the Hadany Arch. It was built by sculptor Israel Hadany in 1977.

Over the entrance road




Pennsylvania: Sullivan County

Sullivan County (pop. 6,428) is west of Wyoming County. It is Pennsylvania’s second-smallest county in population.

Sullivan County in 1895

It’s one of six Sullivan counties, which are named for three different Sullivans. This one was named for Charles C. Sullivan, leader of the Pennsylvania Senate in 1847 who spearheaded the county’s creation. It was formerly part of Lycoming County.

The county seat of Sullivan County is the borough of Laporte, smallest county seat in Pennsylvania, with a 2010 population of 316. It’s also the state’s highest county seat, at an elevation of 1.972 feet.

Sullivan County Courthouse (1894)

The heavily forested county has two state parks: Ricketts Glen and Worlds End. Ricketts Glen State Park has 24 named waterfalls.

Ganoga Lake is one of Pennsylvania’s highest natural lakes, at 2,260 feet.

Fed by springs

Football great Harold Edward “Red” Grange (1903-1991) was born in the community of Forksville (pop. 145) and lived there until he was five years old. His father was a lumber camp foreman in the area.

In the community of Eagles Mere (pop. 120), the volunteer fire department has created an ice toboggan slide in the winter since 1904. Riders go up to 45 m.p.h. down the hill.

The Eagles Mere Air Museum has about 20 vintage planes dating from 1908 to 1935.

Most are still flying.

In the unincorporated community of Lopez, five bombs aimed into the ground spell out “LOPEZ.”

The unincorporated community of Mildred has a retired MGM-13 Mace cruise missile outside the American Legion post.

Sullivan County has three old covered bridges, including Forksville Covered Bridge (1850).

Still in use




Pennsylvania: Wyoming County

Wyoming County (pop. 28,276) is west of Lackawanna County. The only other Wyoming counties are in New York and West Virginia.

The word “wyoming” came from an Indian word meaning “extensive meadows.” The state of Wyoming was named for the Pennsylvania county.

The county seat of Wyoming County is the borough of Tunkhannock (pop. 1,836).

Wyoming County Courthouse (1843)

The Dietrich Theatre in Tunkhannock opened in 1936.

Still showing first-run movies

The Perkins Restaurant and Bakery in Tunkhannock has a sign with cow heads, left over from when the building was a dairy bar.

Tunkhannock is the home of the Northern Tier Symphony Orchestra.

Robert Helmacy, music director

The Tunkhannock Creek Viaduct (1915), in the community of Nicholson (pop. 767), is the country’s largest concrete railroad bridge. It’s 2,375 feet long and 240 feet high.

Still in use

The borough of Factoryville (pop. 1,158) was the birthplace and hometown of baseball great Christy Mathewson (1880-1925). He had a lifetime record of 373-188, and an ERA of 2.13.

“Big Six”

Factoryville has a statue of Mathewson in Christy Mathewson Park, and a Christy Mathewson Day parade in August.

Proctor & Gamble has had a large plant in Wyoming County since 1966. It has about 3,000 employees.




Pennsylvania: Lackawanna County

Lackawanna County (pop. 214,437) is northwest of Monroe County. Formerly a center of anthracite coal mining and steel-making, it reached its peak population of 310,397 in 1930. It was the state’s last county created, in 1878.

The county was named for the Lackawanna River, a 41-mile tributary of the Susquehanna River. The river’s name came from a Lenni Lenape word meaning “stream that forks.”

Lackawanna County Courthouse (1884)

The county seat of Lackawanna County is the city of Scranton (pop. 76,089), sixth-largest city in Pennsylvania. In 1930, its population was 143,433; it was then the 55th-largest city in the U.S. (larger than Miami).

Scranton was known as “The Electric City,” because it had the nation’s first streetcars powered entirely by electricity.

The sign is still atop the Board of Trade building.

The former Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad station (1908) is now the Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel. It closed as a train station in 1970.

Reopened as a hotel in 1983

Steamtown National Historic Site is a railroad museum and heritage railroad, on the old railroad yards adjacent to the hotel. It was established in 1986.

Nearby is the Electric City Trolley Museum, established in 1986.

Joseph Biden, former vice president, was born in Scranton in 1942. Charles Sumner Woolworth (1856-1947) opened the world’s first “five-and-dime” store in Scranton, in 1880.

The Houdini Museum opened in Scranton in 1988. It celebrates the life and career of magician Harry Houdini (1874-1926).

Scranton has one of the largest St. Patrick’s Day parades in northeastern Pennsylvania.

The Scranton Public Library (1890) was donated to the city by John J. Albright. The adjacent former Church of Christ, Scientist is now the children’s library.

Albright was a founder of Buffalo’s Albright-Knox Art Gallery

William “Bill” Scranton (1917-2013), Pennsylvania’s Republican governor 1963-67, was part of the Scranton family – founders and patriarchs of the city. He ran for president in 1964.

Barry Goldwater won the nomination.

Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Jason Miller (1939-2001) grew up in Scranton. He played the role of the exorcist in “The Exorcist” (1973).

Statue in downtown Scranton

The Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Railriders, Triple-A International League affiliate of the New York Yankees, play at PNC Field in the nearby community of Moosic.

Formerly Lackawanna County Stadium

Archbald Pothole State Park, northeast of Scranton, features “The World’s Largest Glacial Pothole” – 38 feet deep and up to 42 feet across. It was discovered in 1884.


Pennsylvania: Monroe County

Monroe County (pop. 169,842) is south of Wayne and Pike counties, across the Delaware River from New Jersey. It’s one of 17 counties named for President James Monroe.

Monroe County in 1911

The county has grown in every U.S. Census since 1890. Its Pocono Mountains are popular for tourists, and it’s relatively convenient for commuters to New Jersey and New York.

The county seat of Monroe County is Stroudsburg (pop. 5,567).

Monroe County Courthouse (1890)

The Sherman Theater in Stroudsburg dates from 1926. It now hosts a variety of concerts and other events.

Just east of Stroudsburg is East Stroudsburg, which is larger than Stroudsburg, with a 2010 population of 11,922.

Pocono Cinema

East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania is a public university with about 7,000 students. It began in 1893 as the private East Stroudsburg Normal School.

Two miles from New Jersey

The unincorporated community of Tobyhanna is the home of the annual Tobyhanna Millpond #1 Ice Harvest, which recreates the ice-harvesting industry, which was important in the area more than 100 years ago.

The community of Scioto is the home of Eddie’s Toy Museum.

The Coca Cola Stairway

Monroe County has three state parks: Big Pocono, Gouldsboro, and Tobyhanna.

The Camelback Mountain Resort is a ski area with a top elevation of 2,133 feet and a vertical drop of 800 feet.

There’s a waterpark in summer.

Pocono Manor is a resort in Monroe County that was founded in 1902 by a group of Quakers from Philadelphia.

Still in operation

Pocono Raceway (the “Tricky Triangle”) is a 2.5-mile course that opened in 1971.




Pennsylvania: Pike County

Pike County (pop. 57,369) is south of Wayne County, across the Delaware River from New York and New Jersey.

Pike County in 1911

It’s one of 10 Pike counties, all of them named for Zebulon Pike (1779-1813), brigadier general and explorer.

Pikes Peak, Iowa, was also named for him.

Pike County has been Pennsylvania’s fastest-growing county in recent years, thanks to its relative proximity to New York City.

It’s in the NYC metro area.

The county seat of Pike County is the borough of Milford (pop. 1,021), fourth-smallest county seat in Pennsylvania.

Pike County Courthouse (1873)

The Columns Museum in Milford features the bloody flag on which Abraham Lincoln laid his head after he was shot at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C.

The Pike County Historical Society’s museum

The Hotel Fauchere in Milford dates from 1880.

Italianate style

Grey Towers National Historic Site was the family home of Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946), first director of the U.S. Forest Service and two-time governor of Pennsylvania.

Built in 1886

A few miles east of Milford is the borough of Matamoras (pop. 2,469), the easternmost municipality in Pennsylvania, located at the point where Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey meet.

Northwest of Milford is the Zane Grey Museum, former residence of the Western writer Zane Grey (1872-1939). The museum is operated by the National Park Service.

The Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area is in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, where the Delaware River cuts through a ridge of the Appalachian Mountains.

Dingmans Falls

Camp Tamiment (1921-2005), a resort in the Pocono Mountains, was founded by Socialists. Later, its Tamiment Playhouse nurtured the early careers of Danny Kaye, Jerome Robbins, Carol Burnett, Neil Simon, and Woody Allen.

“A progressive version of the Catskills”


Pennsylvania: Wayne County

Wayne County (pop. 52,822) is east of Susquehanna County, in the northeastern corner of Pennsylvania. It’s one of 16 Wayne counties in the U.S.

The county was named for General “Mad Anthony” Wayne (1745-1796).

Wayne County has about 30 summer camps, hosting some 28,000 children every year.

Two hours from New York City

The highest point in Wayne County is Mount Ararat (elev. 2,638). Its western and northern sides drain into Chesapeake Bay, and its eastern side drains into Delaware Bay.

Noah’s Ark was not found here.

The county seat of Wayne County is the borough of Honesdale (pop. 4,480).

300-foot Irving Cliff

The Wayne County Courthouse dates from 1880.

Second Empire style

Honesdale has been called “The Birthplace of American Railroading,” because it had the first commercial steam locomotive run on rails – the “Stourbridge Lion” in 1829.

Today there’s a 25-mile excursion line.

The children’s magazine “Highlights for Children” was founded in Honesdale in 1946, and its editorial offices are still there.

The Claws “N” Paws Wild Animal Park is in the village of Lake Ariel.

Sculpted Ice Works in the village of Lakeville has a tour and museum.

In the community of Hawley (pop. 1,211), the Bellemonte Silk Mill dates from 1894. It has been called the largest bluestone building in the world.

Now the Shops at Hawley Silk Mill

The Ritz Theater in Hawley has hosted the Ritz Company Playhouse since 1973.


Pennsylvania: Susquehanna County

Susquehanna County (pop. 43,356) is east of Bradford County. It’s the only Susquehanna County in the U.S.

In the late 1800s and early 1900s, coal mining was the major industry in mountainous Susquehanna County. Today, the county is a center of natural gas drilling in the Marcellus Shale.

The county seat of Susquehanna County is the borough of Montrose (pop. 1,617).

Susquehanna County Courthouse (1855)

The Montrose Theater has been showing movies for more than 90 years.

The community of Susquehanna Depot (pop. 1,643), on the Susquehanna River, was once a center for the construction of railroad locomotives and railroad cars. Its peak population was 3,872 in 1890.

The 3-story Erie Railroad Station had a hotel in it.

B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) was born in Susquehanna Depot. He was a philosopher, author, and professor of psychology at Harvard University.

The stone-arch Starrucca Viaduct, near Susquehanna Depot, opened in 1848 and is still in use. It was considered the world’s most expensive railroad bridge at the time of its construction.

Over Starrucca Creek

Susquehanna County has a community named Hop Bottom (pop. 337). It was named for the hop vines (hops are used for brewing beer) found in the bottom of the valley.

The highest peak in northeastern Pennsylvania’s Endless Mountains is North Knob of Elk Mountain (elev. 2,693 feet). The Elk Mountain Ski Area opened in 1959.

Salt Springs State Park has 500-year-old hemlock trees, three waterfalls, and Penny Rock – into which people hammer pennies for good luck.

Bad luck if you remove one.




Pennsylvania: Bradford County

Bradford County (pop. 62,622) is east of Tioga County. It is Pennsylvania’s second-largest county in square miles.

Bradford County in 1911

The only other Bradford County is in Florida. This one was named for William Bradford (1755-1795), attorney general of Pennsylvania and later of the United States.

Bradford County Courthouse (1898)

The county seat of Bradford County is not the city of Bradford – which is in McKean County, three counties to the west. Bradford County’s seat is the borough of Towanda (pop. 2,919), on the Susquehanna River.

Towanda in the 1960s

The name “Towanda” means “burial ground” in the Algonquian language.

The Keystone Theatre in Towanda opened more than 100 years ago as Hale’s Opera House. It now has both movies and live events.

Film director Gregory La Cava (1892-1952) was born in Towanda.

He directed this screwball comedy in 1936.

Bradford County has communities named Rome, Milan, Athens, and Troy.

Dinosaur tree stump, MIlan

The Spalding Memorial Library (1898) in Athens (pop. 3,367) is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Still a library

Troy Public High School (1924) in Troy (pop. 1,354) is also on the National Register.

Colonial Revival style

The community of Wysox (pop. 1,721) has a utility pole that looks like a giant pencil.

Mt. Pisgah State Park features the 75-acre, man-made Stephen Foster Lake. It’s one of three Mount Pisgahs in Pennsylvania, and one of at least 11 in the U.S.

This one is just outside Cripple Creek, Colorado.


Pennsylvania: Tioga County

Tioga County (pop. 41,981) is east of Potter County. It is Pennsylvania’s fourth-largest county in square miles.

The county reached its peak population of 52,313 in 1890, but has been growing since 1930. It was named for the Tioga River, whose waters eventually flow into the Susquehanna River and Chesapeake Bay.

Susquehanna River Basin

The county seat of Tioga County is the borough of Wellsboro (pop. 3,264).

Tioga County Courthouse (1835)

The Arcadia Theatre in Wellsboro dates from 1921. It was remodeled, with four screens, in 1997.

Still showing first-run movies

The Tioga Central Railroad runs a 24-mile railroad for visitors (summer and fall only), going north from Wellsboro, on a portion of the Wellsboro and Corning Railroad.

Weekly dinner trains too

West of Wellsboro is “The Grand Canyon of Pennsylvania,” also known as Pine Creek Gorge. The deepest point on the 47-mile gorge is 1,450 feet from the rim.

State parks on both sides

A private, 100-foot overlook tower is located on the east side of the canyon. Visitors pay $3 (credit card only) for admittance.

The borough of Mansfield (pop. 3,625) is the home of Mansfield University of Pennsylvania, a public liberal-arts university with about 2,700 students.

Founded in 1857

Mansfield was the birthplace of night football, hosting the first game with electric lights in 1892 (Mansfield Normal School vs. Wyoming Seminary).

Tom McMillen (born 1952) played high school basketball in Mansfield before starring at the University of Maryland and in the NBA. He was later a Congressman from Maryland. In college, he majored in chemistry and was a Rhodes Scholar.

At 6’11”, the tallest Congressman ever


Pennsylvania: Potter County

Potter County (pop. 17,457), east of McKean County, is Pennsylvania’s fifth-least-populous county. The only other Potter counties are in Texas and South Dakota.

The county was named for James Potter (1729-1789), an Irish immigrant and Pennsylvanian who was a brigadier general in the Revolutionary War.

With the Pennsylvania Militia

The heavily wooded county contains eight state parks. The five-acre Prouty Place State Park is the state’s second-smallest.

Prouty Run

Cherry Springs State Park is popular with astronomers and stargazers because it has some of the darkest night skies on the East Coast.

Pennsylvania’s first “dark sky park”

Cherry Springs also has Pennsylvania’s largest picnic pavilion constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (1939).

The county seat of Potter County is the borough of Coudersport (pop. 2,546), at the intersection of the Allegheny River and Mill Creek.

Potter County Courthouse (1853)

The Coudersport Theatre dates from 1923. It’s still showing movies.

The world’s only Coudersport Theatre

The annual God’s Country Marathon goes from Galeton to Coudersport.

Elliot Ness (1903-1957),  the legendary Prohibition agent who was credited with the downfall of Al Capone, died at his home in Coudersport.

As portrayed by Robert Stack

A major tourist attraction in Potter County is the Coudersport Ice Mine, with large icicles in the summer that melt in the winter. The cave was discovered in 1894.

Closed in winter, when there’s no ice

The Scottish Rite Consistory of Coudersport is one of Potter County’s largest buildings. The Consistory has about 3,000 members – more than the population of Coudersport.

Originally a private home

The Austin Dam Burst Site commemorates the site of the Austin Dam, which burst in 1911, resulting in the deaths of 78 people.

The dam served a paper mill.


Pennsylvania: McKean County

McKean County (pop. 43,450) is east of Warren County. It’s the only McKean County – named for Thomas McKean, Pennsylvania governor from 1799 to 1808.

McKean County in 1895

The county seat of McKean County is the borough of Smethport (pop. 1,655).

McKean County Courthouse (1942)

The coldest temperature ever recorded in Pennsylvania was -42 degrees in 1904 in Smethport.

Smethport’s elevation is 1,488 feet.

Smethport had America’s’ first year-round Christmas shop. It opened in 1935 and closed in 2005.

The athletic teams at Smethport Area High School are known as the “Hubbers,” because Smethport is the “hub” in the center of the county.

The Smethport Specialty Company began manufacturing the Wooly Willy magnetic toy in 1955.

The largest community in McKean County is the city of Bradford (pop. 8,870). The former oil boomtown reached its peak population of 19,306 in 1930.

Old City Hall (1897)

The Main Street Movie House is in the eight-story Art Deco Hooker-Fulton Building (1931).

Showing first-run movies

Bradford is the home of the Zippo Manufacturing Company, founded in 1932. Zippo is best known for its reusable metal lighters.

The Zippo museum

Bradford has a campus of the University of Pittsburgh. Established in 1963, it has about 1,500 students.

Opera star Marilyn Horne was born in Bradford in 1934. A Marilyn Horne Museum recently opened in Bradford.

The community of Eldred (pop. 825) has had a World War Two Museum since 1996. During the war, Eldred was the site of a munitions factory that employed 1,500 people.

The Kinzua Bridge (1882) was the fourth-tallest railroad bridge in the U.S., until it collapsed after being struck by a tornado in 2003. It was 301 feet high and 2,000 feet long.

Today, Kinzua Bridge State Park has a Sky Walk with a pedestrian walkway to a glass-floored observation deck.

225 feet up


Pennsylvania: Warren County

Warren County (pop. 41,815) is east of Erie and Crawford counties, on the border with New York. It’s one of 14 Warren counties.

All 14 Warren counties were named for Gen. Joseph Warren (1741-1775), who died in the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Much of the county is in the Allegheny National Forest, established in 1923 after most of the original forest (mostly Eastern hemlock and American beech)  had been logged. It’s now known for black cherry and walnut trees.

Hector Falls

The county seat of Warren County is the city of Warren (pop. 9,710). Warren’s population has been declining each decade since 1940, when the Census reported 14,891 residents.

On the Allegheny River

The Warren County Courthouse was built in 1877, in Second Empire style.

Statue of Justice on top













Oil was discovered in Warren in 1875, and the oil industry dominated the city’s economy for many years.

National City Bank Building (1891)

The Struthers Library Theatre dates from 1883. It originally was a library, opera house, and Masonic hall.  Now, it hosts concerts, community theater, and a film series.

Renovated in 1983

Most of the Gateway Arch in St. Louis was fabricated at the Pittsburgh Des Moines Steel Company plant in Warren in the early 1960s. A small replica stands in front of the Warren County Chamber of Business and Industry.

Gudrun Ensslin (1940-1977), one of the founders of the West Germany’s group the Baader-Meinhof Group, spent a year in high school (1958-59) in Warren. She died in a German prison.

Kinzua Dam was built 1960-65 on the Allegheny River, east of Warren. Construction required the forced relocation of 600 Seneca Indians, who lived on the Allegany Reservation in New York.

The reservoir extends 25 miles behind the dam.

Buffy Sainte-Marie’s “Now That the Buffalo’s Gone” and the Johnny Cash recording “As Long As the Grass Shall Grow” both commemorate the Seneca who were uprooted by the dam.

The borough of Tidioute (pop. 792), southwest of Warren, is home of both the Pennsylvania State Championship Fishing Tournament and an annual reenactment of the WWII battle at the Bridge at Remagen.

Over the Allegheny River


Pennsylvania: Crawford County

Crawford County (pop. 88,765) is south of Erie County, on the border with Ohio.

Crawford County in 1895

It is one of 11 Crawford counties, which were named for three different men named Crawford. This one was named for Col. William Crawford (1722-1782).

Crawford’s death

The county seat of Crawford County is the city of Meadville (pop. 13,388), which was the first permanent settlement in northwestern Pennsylvania.

The zipper, as we know it, was invented in Meadville. Talon Zipper, founded in 1893 in Chicago, began mass-producing zippers in Meadville in the 1920s.

No longer in Meadville

The Academy Theatre in Meadville opened in 1886 as an opera house called the Academy of Music. It was later a movie theater, and now hosts a variety of performing arts.

Restored in the 1990s

Meadville is the home of Allegheny College, a private liberal arts college founded in 1815. It has about 1,900 students.

Bentley Hall (1835)

Meadville is also the home of the PennDot (Pennsylvania Department of Transportation) Road Sign Sculpture Garden.

Murals and sculptures made of road signs

The Baldwin-Reynolds House Museum in Meadville was the home of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Henry Baldwin (1780-1844). It had Meadville’s first indoor plumbing.

Built in 1843

The city of Titusville (pop. 5,601), east of Meadville, has a campus of the University of Pittsburgh, established in 1963.

Primarily a two-year campus

The Drake Well Museum, south of Titusville, covers the birth of the oil industry by Edwin Drake in 1859.

Established in 1934

The Oil Creek and Titusville Railroad, a 16-mile tourist railroad, has a Caboose Motel.

21 caboose units

In the community of Linesville (pop. 1,040), it is popular to throw bread at the carp at the Spillway adjacent to Pymatuning Lake. It’s been called “Pennsylvania’s 2nd-Most Popular Tourist Attraction.”


Pennsylvania: Erie County

We begin our tour of Pennsylvania’s 67 counties in Erie County (pop. 280,566), in the state’s northwestern corner. It is the state’s only county on Lake Erie, and the only Pennsylvania county that borders Canada (across the lake).

The county was named for the lake, which was named by the Erie people, an Iroquoian group who lived along the southern shore. The only other Erie counties are in New York and Ohio.

The county seat of Erie County is Erie (pop. 101,786), Pennsylvania’s fourth-largest city. Erie reached its peak population of 138,440 in 1960.

Erie Land Light (1867)

The 14-story Renaissance Center (1928), formerly the Erie Trust Company Building, dominates the downtown Erie skyline.

Renovated in the 1990s

The Old Customshouse (1839) is now part of the Erie Art Museum.

The museum has five connected buildings.

The Warner Theatre (1931) closed as a movie theater in 1976. It’s now the home of the Erie Philharmonic and a variety of other concerts and touring shows.

The Grand Lobby

The Lawrence Park Dinor (a northwestern Pennsylvania variation of “diner”) has been in operation since 1948. It was manufactured by Silk City Diners of Paterson, N.J.

Known for “Greek sauce” on French fries

Erie is the northern terminus of the 343-mile Interstate 79. The southern terminus is Charleston, W.V. Amtrak’s “Lake Shore Limited” (Chicago to Boston and New York City) stops in Erie.

Union Station (1927)

The Erie SeaWolves, Double-A Eastern League affiliate of the Detroit Tigers, play at UPMC Park (1995) in downtown Erie. UPMC is the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

Formerly Jerry Uht Park

Actress Ann B. Davis (1926-2014) grew up in Erie. She graduated from the University of Michigan.

On “The Brady Bunch”

The Bicentennial Tower, built in 1996 to commemorate the city’s 200th birthday, has a 187-foot-high observation deck.

Views of Lake Erie, Presque Isle, and downtown Erie

Presque Isle State Park, on a long peninsula near Erie, is Pennsylvania’s most-visited state park. It has a marina and 13 beaches for swimming.

The borough of Edinboro (pop. 6,438), south of Erie, is the home of Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, a public university with about 6,000 students. It was founded in 1857 as a teachers’ college.