Allendale County, west of Bamberg County and adjacent to Georgia, has a population of 10,419 – second smallest in South Carolina.
Allendale County was the last county established in South Carolina; it was created from pieces of Hampton and Barnwell counties.
The county seat is Allendale (pop. 3,482), home of the University of South Carolina Salkehatchie. The university opened in 1965 and now has about 1,100 students.
Allendale’s former Carolina Theatre is now the college’s Civic Arts Center.
Allendale’s population fell 21 percent between 1990 and 2010; one reason was the construction of Interstate 95 east of Allendale County, taking much north-south traffic away from U.S. Highway 301.
NEXT: BARNWELL COUNTY