Chesterfield County (pop. 46,734) is west of Marlboro County and south of North Carolina.
It was named for British statesman Philip Stanhope, the 4th Earl of Chesterfield (1694-1773) – for whom Chesterfield County, Virginia, was also named.
The county seat is the town of Chesterfield, the smallest county seat in South Carolina (pop. 1,472).
The largest city in Chesterfield County is Cheraw (pop. 5,524), birthplace of jazz trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie (1917-1993).
The town of Patrick (pop. 354) hosts an annual rally racing event for cars and motorcycles called the Sandblast Rally.
The town of Pageland (pop. 2,521) was the hometown of Brooklyn Dodgers pitching great Van Lingle Mungo (1911-1985); he owned and operated a movie theater in Pageland after his retirement from baseball.
In the town of McBee (pop. 867), the former Seaboard Air Line Railroad depot (1914) is now the McBee Depot Library and Railroad Museum.
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