South Carolina: Aiken County

Aiken County (pop. 160,099) is southwest of Lexington County. It’s the only Aiken County in the U.S. and is part of the Augusta (Georgia) Metropolitan Area.

The southern part of Aiken County is in the U.S. Department of Energy’s Savannah River Site.

The county seat is the city of Aiken (pop. 24,494).

Aiken County Courthouse

The University of South Carolina Aiken, established in 1961, has about 3,000 students.

Pickens-Salley House, USC Aiken

In the late 1800s, the Aiken Winter Colony was a winter gathering place for wealthy people from the Northeast.

Aiken is the home of the Thoroughbred Racing Hall of Fame and Museum.

St. Mary Help of Christians Church in Aiken was built in 1905.

The town of New Ellenton (pop. 2,052) was founded in the 1950s when the entire population of Ellenton was forcibly moved 14 miles as a result of the establishment of the Savannah River Site.

Singer James Brown (1933-2006) spent the final years of his life in Beech Island, across the Savannah River from Augusta, Georgia.

NEXT: EDGEFIELD COUNTY

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