Indiana: Posey County

Posey County (pop. 25,910) is in the far southwestern corner of Indiana, across the Ohio River from Kentucky and across the Wabash River from Illinois. It’s the only Posey County.

The county seat of Posey County is the city of Mount Vernon (pop. 6,687).

Posey County Courthouse (1876)

Port of Indiana-Mt. Vernon, on the Ohio River, is the seventh-largest inland port in the U.S.

Four silos on a farm near Mt. Vernon are labeled Tea, Coffee, Sugar, and Flour.

The town of New Harmony (pop. 789) was originally named Harmonie. It was purchased in 1825  by social reformer Robert Owen, who planned a utopian community called New Harmony.

New Harmony attracted scientists and scholars in its early years; many of the early buildings are still standing.

New Harmony today

Posey County was named for Revolutionary War Gen. Thomas Posey, who later served as governor of the Indiana Territory.

Not for the 3-time World Series champion

NEXT STATE: PENNSYLVANIA

 

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Indiana: Vanderburgh County

Vanderburgh County (pop. 179,703) is south of Gibson County. It is Indiana’s seventh-largest county in population, and eighth-smallest in square miles.

The only Vanderburgh County in the U.S., it’s named for Henry Vanderburgh (1760-1812), a captain in the Continental Army and later a Territorial judge for the Indiana Territory.

Buried in Knox County

The county seat of Vanderburgh County is Evansville (pop. 117,429), third-largest city in Indiana.

The University of Evansville is a private university, founded in 1854 and affiliated with the United Methodist Church.

About 2,500 students

The old Vanderburgh County Courthouse was built in 1890 in Beaux Arts style. It is now available for receptions and other special events.

The Victory Theatre (1921) is now the home of the Evansville Philharmonic Orchestra.

The Moorish-style Alhambra Theatre was built in 1913. It is currently being renovated.

The Children’s Museum of Evansville is in the city’s former Central Library.

The museum opened in 2006

The Willard Library is a private library, built in 1877 in the Gothic Revival style.

Rumors of a ghost named “Lady in Grey”

Bosse Field (1915) is the third-oldest baseball stadium in the U.S. (after Fenway Park and Wrigley Field) that is still in regular use for professional baseball. It’s home of the Evansville Otters.

In the independent Frontier League

Bob Griese, quarterback for Purdue and the Miami Dolphins, and Yankee great (and current Miami Marlins manager) Don Mattingly are natives of Evansville.

The University of Southern Indiana, a public university founded in 1965, is just west of Evansville. It has about 11,000 students.

NEXT: POSEY COUNTY

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Indiana: Gibson County

Gibson County (pop. 33,503) is west of Pike County. Its population has been growing every decade since 1830. The only other Gibson County is in Tennessee.

Gibson County in 1908

The county seat of Gibson County is the city of Princeton (pop. 8,644).

Gibson County Courthouse (1884)

Dave Niehaus (1935-2010), longtime announcer for the Seattle Mariners (1977-2010), was born in Princeton. He received the Ford C. Frick Award in 2008.

Statue at Safeco Field

Toyota has a large plant just south of Princeton. The plant, which opened in 1996, makes Highlanders, Sequoias, and Siennas.

More than 5,000 employees

The plant has a Visitor Center, open weekdays.

Tours are also available.

The Henager “Memories and Nostalgia” Museum, in the community of Buckskin, has exhibits on Smokey Bear, western movie stars, and Abraham Lincoln’s legacy.

It’s been called “The Loneliest Museum in America.”

Hipp Nursery, in the town of Haubstadt (pop. 1,577), has a martini-drinking pink elephant, suitable for photos.

The Gibson Generating Station, near the Wabash River, is Duke Energy’s largest power plant and one of the largest coal power plants in the world.

NEXT: VANDERBURGH COUNTY

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Indiana: Pike County

Pike County (pop. 12,845) is north of Warrick County. It reached its peak population of 20,486 in 1900.

Pike County in 1908

It’s one of 10 Pike counties in the U.S., all named for explorer and brigadier general Zebulon Pike (1779-1813), who died in the War of 1812.

From 1959 to 1963, both of Indiana’s U.S. senators were Pike County natives – Vance Hartke (1919-2003) and Homer Capehart (1897-1979).

The county seat of Pike County is the city of Petersburg (pop 2,383).

Baseball great Gil Hodges (1924-1972) starred in baseball, basketball, football, and track at Petersburg High School. He was an eight-time All-Star for the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers.

Hodges mural in Petersburg

The Patoka Bridges Historic District includes two historic bridges in Pike and Gibson counties.

NEXT: GIBSON COUNTY

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Indiana: Warrick County

Warrick County (pop. 59,689) is in southwestern Indiana, west of Spencer County. Its population has been growing steadily since 1930.

Warrick County in 1908

The county was named for Captain Jacob Warrick (1773-1811), an Indiana militia company commander who was killed in the Battle of Tippencanoe.

The county seat of Warrick County is the city of Boonville (pop. 6,246).

Warrick County Courthouse (1904)

Young Abraham Lincoln studied law in Boonville, borrowing law books and watching local attorney John Brackenridge argue cases.

The town of Newburgh (pop. 3,325) is on the Ohio River, just east of Evansville.

Rivertown Trail, Newburgh

The Newburgh Museum is in the former Presbyterian Church building (1853).

On the National Register of Historic Places

The town of Elberfeld (pop. 625) is unusual, in that it is adjacent to Interstates 64 and 69 but has no direct access to them, and has no major highway running through it.

NEXT: PIKE COUNTY

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Indiana: Spencer County

Spencer County (pop. 20,952) is south of Dubois County, on the Ohio River. The only other Spencer County is in Kentucky.

Spencer County in 1908

Spencer County has several major claims to fame: It was the boyhood home of Abraham Lincoln, it has a town named Santa Claus, and it was the childhood home of singer-actress Florence Henderson.

The county seat, Rockport (pop. 2,270), is the southernmost city in Indiana.

Spencer County Courthouse (1921)

The Holiday Drive-In in Rockport, which opened in 1955, has five screens.

Now closed for the season

North of Rockport, Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial preserves the farm site where Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) lived with his family from 1816 to 1830.

The cabin is a replica.

Rockport also has a Lincoln Pioneer Village and Museum, with 14 replica buildings from Lincoln’s era.

Opens May 1

The town of Santa Claus (pop. 2,481) is the largest community in Spencer County. It has the world’s only post office with the name Santa Claus.

Volunteers known as Christmas elves work every year to answer all the letters that arrive for Santa Claus.

Santa Claus has a variety of Santa-themed attractions, including Santa’s Candy Castle, Holiday World, the Santa Claus Museum, and the World’s Oldest Santa Statue.

Chicago Bears quarterback Jay Cutler was born in Santa Claus in 1983 and played football at Heritage Hills High School in nearby Lincoln City.

The town of Dale (pop. 1,593) is the home of Dr. Ted’s Musical Marvels Museum.

Florence Henderson (1934-2016) was born in Dale, one of 10 children of a tobacco sharecropper and a homemaker. She attended school in Rockport.

On “The Brady Bunch” (center)

NEXT: WARRICK COUNTY

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Indiana: Dubois County

Dubois County (pop. 41,889) is northwest of Perry County. It’s the only Dubois County in the U.S.

Dubois County in 1908

The county was named for Toussaint Dubois (1762-1816), a French-Canadian fur trader who fought in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.

Buried in Vincennes

The county seat of Dubois County is the city of Jasper (pop. 15,038).

DuBois County Courthouse (1911)

Jasper is known as “The Wood Office Furniture Capital of the World,” with a tradition of carpenters and cabinet-makers dating back to German immigrants in the early 19th century.

St. Joseph Catholic Church in Jasper dates from 1904. Its stone bell tower is 235 feet high.

Romanesque Revival style

The Geode Grotto in Jasper, built between 1960 and 1970, covers four city blocks in gardens, fountains, planters, and cave-like openings

Local geodes, marble, limestone, concrete

The Jasper Gift Basket and Popcorn Company has a 17-foot-tall popcorn box.

The Indiana Baseball Hall of Fame is in Jasper.

Jasper has a two-mile Riverwalk, along the Patoka River.

The town of Ferdinand (pop. 2,157) is the home of Monastery Immaculate Conception, one of the largest communities of Benedictine women in the U.S.

Founded in 1867

The city of Huntingburg (pop. 6,057) has been called the “Hollywood of the Midwest” because of the movies filmed there, including “A League of Their Own” in 1992.

NEXT: SPENCER COUNTY

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Indiana: Perry County

Perry County (pop. 19,338) is southwest of Crawford County, on the Ohio River.

Perry County in 1908

Perry County is considered to be Indiana’s hilliest county; much of it is in Hoosier National Forest.

It’s one of 10 Perry counties, all of them named for Oliver Hazard Perry (1785-1819), naval hero of the War of 1812.

“The Hero of Lake Erie”

The county seat of Perry County is the city of Tell City (pop. 7,272), founded by Swiss immigrants and named for Swiss patriot William Tell.

The athletic teams at Tell City High School are known as the Marksmen.

In the nearby city of Cannelton (pop. 1,563), the former Cannelton Cotton Mill (1851) was converted to apartments in 2003.

The mill closed in 1954.

Just east of Cannelton is “The World’s Largest Celtic Cross Carved From a Single Rock.”

At Blue Heron Vineyards

The unincorporated community of Rome is the home of Old Perry County Courthouse, built in 1818. It was the county courthouse until 1859.

Later used as a school

NEXT: DUBOIS COUNTY

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Indiana: Crawford County

Crawford County (pop. 10,713) is west of Harrison County, on the Ohio River.

Crawford County in 1908

It is one of 11 Crawford counties, which are named for three different people named Crawford. It’s uncertain which Crawford this one was named for.

Possibly William H., definitely not Joan

The county seat of Crawford County is the town of English (pop. 645), third-smallest county seat in Indiana.

After English had six floods between 1959 and 1990, most of the businesses and residences in the town were moved about a mile south, away from Camp Fork Creek.

Former downtown area

The Lucas Oil Golf Course, formerly the Old English course, opened in 2002. The front nine holes of the 18-hole course are in the flood plain.

Marengo Cave is in the nearby town of Marengo (pop. 828). The cave, discovered in 1883 by two children, is open for tours.

A National Historic Landmark

Marengo was named for the 1800 Battle of Marengo, in present-day Italy, between the French forces of Napoleon and Austrian forces.

Napoleon won.

The Marengo warehouse and distribution center has 4 million square feet of storage space in a former limestone quarry, 160 feet underground.

Used by U.S. Department of Defense and others

Much of Crawford County is in Hoosier National Forest.

Hemlock Cliffs trail

The William Proctor House (1832) is now owned by the Crawford County Historical Society.

Federal style

NEXT: PERRY COUNTY

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Indiana: Harrison County

Harrison County (pop. 39,364) is west of Floyd County, along the Ohio River. Its population has grown in every decade since 1940.

Harrison County in 1908

It’s one of eight Harrison counties, and one of the four named for President William Henry Harrison (1773-1841). He was governor of the Indiana Territory when the county was named.

The county seat of Harrison County is the town of Corydon (pop. 3,122), which was the capital of the Indiana Territory, 1813-16, and of the state, 1816-25.

The Capitol is now a State Historic Site.

The Battle of Corydon, in 1863, was the only Civil War battle fought in Indiana.

The current Harrison County Courthouse replaced the old State Capitol building, which was the courthouse for many years.

Built in 1929

The Harrison County Fair has been running for 156 straight years – the longest consecutively running fair in Indiana.

Indiana’s state Constitution was debated and drafted under the “Constitution Elm” in Corydon. The tree died in 1925, but its trunk is still a local landmark.

Dutch Elm disease killed it.

Harrison County has several caves that are open to the public. Indiana Caverns, just south of Corydon, is Indiana’s longest cave system.

Always 56 degrees underground

The town of Milltown (pop. 818), northwest of Corydon, has one of Indiana’s best shoe trees.

Horseshoe Southern Indiana, on the Ohio River, is the world’s largest riverboat casino, the largest riverboat in the U.S., and the closest casino to Louisville.

The riverboat is a four-deck casino.

Harrison Spring, just north of the unincorporated community of White Cloud, is the largest spring in Indiana. It has an average discharge of 100 cubic feet per second.

Owned by the Nature Conservancy

The steep hills of the Knobstone Escarpment are the most rugged terrain in Indiana.

NEXT: CRAWFORD COUNTY

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Indiana: Floyd County

Floyd County (pop. 75,283) is southwest of Clark County, on the Ohio River. It is Indiana’s second-smallest county in square miles.

One of six Floyd counties

In the mid-1800s, Floyd County was the wealthiest county in Indiana. New Albany was Indiana’s largest city from 1816 to 1860.

New Albany (pop. 36,372), the county seat, has a Mansion Row Historic District, with homes of wealthy residents of the mid-19th century.

The Culbertson Mansion (1869) is now a state historic site, open for tours. It has 25 rooms and 20,000 square feet.

Second Empire style

In the early 20th century, New Albany was the world’s largest producer of plywood and veneer. In 1917,  a tornado destroyed much of the city.

The former Carnegie Library  (1904) in New Albany is now the Carnegie Center for Art and History.

Beaux Arts style

New Albany High School was the first high school in Indiana when it opened in 1853. Astronomer Edwin Hubble taught physics, Spanish, and math (and coached the basketball team) there for a year.

Golfer Frank Urban “Fuzzy” Zoeller was born in New Albany in 1951 and graduated from New Albany High School in 1970.

’79 Masters champion

Indiana University Southeast, founded in 1941, has about 7,000 students. Its New Albany campus opened in 1973.

The Grand Theater (1909) in New Albany is now used for weddings and other special events.

Floyd County has the longest tunnel in Indiana, the 4,295-foot Duncan Tunnel, completed for the Southern Railway in 1881.

Still in use

NEXT: HARRISON COUNTY

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Indiana: Clark County

Clark County (pop. 110,232) is south of Scott and Jefferson counties, on the Ohio River.

Clark County in 1908

The town of Clarksville (pop. 21,724), adjacent to the county seat of Jeffersonville, was the oldest American town in the old Northwest Territory, dating from 1783.

The town was founded by Gen. George Rogers Clark (1753-1818) at the only seasonal rapids on the Ohio River; the town and county were named for him.

Brother of William

Clarksville has one of the world’s largest clocks – the 40-foot-diameter Colgate Clock, atop the former Colgate-Palmolive factory, which closed in 2007.

Formerly the world’s 2nd largest

Falls of the Ohio State Park, along the river in Clarksville, is known for its exposed Devonian fossil beds.

Visitor Center from above

Jeffersonville (pop. 44,953), the county seat, has been a center of shipbuilding since the early 19th century.

Howard Steamboat Museum

Jeffboat, formerly the Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Company, is the largest inland shipbuilder in the U.S.

Recently building riverboat casinos

The George Rogers Clark Memorial Bridge (1929), also known as the Second Street Bridge, goes from Jeffersonville to downtown Louisville, Kentucky.

Looking toward Louisville

Nearby is the Big Four Bridge, a former railroad bridge that now carries pedestrians and bicyclists.

2,500 feet long

Papa John’s Pizza began in Jeffersonville in 1984. The headquarters is now in Jeffersontown, Kentucky.

Jeffersonville has a 20-foot-tall statue of a woman, made of hubcaps.

NEXT: FLOYD COUNTY

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Indiana: Jefferson County

Jefferson County (pop. 32,683) is west of Switzerland County. It’s one of 26 counties and one parish named (directly or indirectly) for Thomas Jefferson.

The county seat of Jefferson County is Madison (pop. 11,967), which was a major port on the Ohio River until just after the Civil War, when railroads took away much of the river traffic.

Largest city on the Ohio between Cincinnati and Louisville

The Jefferson County Courthouse was built in 1855, and was recently restored after a major fire in 2009.

Adjacent to the Courthouse is a miniature Statue of Liberty, erected by the Boy Scouts in 1950.

The Lanier Mansion was built in 1844 in Greek Revival style. It is now a historic house museum.

A State Historic Site

The 1958 movie “Some Came Running,” directed by Vincente Minnelli, was filmed in Madison.

Actress Irene Dunne (1898-1990) lived in Madison during her teenage years.

5-time Oscar nominee

Madison is known worldwide as a center of hydroplane racing. The Madison Regatta draws crowds of up to 100,000 every July 4 weekend.

Clifty Falls State Park, on the west side of Madison, has four waterfalls on Clifty Creek.

1,400 acres

The town of Hanover (pop. 3,546) is the home of Hanover College, a liberal arts college affiliated with the Presbyterian Church. It has about 1,000 students.

Founded in 1827

Actor Woody Harrelson graduated from Hanover College in 1983. His “Cheers” character, Woody Boyd, grew up in Hanover, although Woody Harrelson actually grew up in Ohio.

Lebanon High School

NEXT: CLARK COUNTY

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Indiana: Switzerland County

Switzerland County (pop. 10,613) is south of Ohio County, along the Ohio River. It’s the only Switzerland County in the U.S.

Many of the early settlers came from Switzerland, and that’s how the county got its name. The county has never had a railroad line.

The county seat of Switzerland County is the town of Vevay (pop. 1,683). The Swiss city for which it was named is spelled “Vevey.”

Switzerland County Courthouse (1864)

In the 19th century, Switzerland County was known as the “Rhineland of America” because of its wine grape production. Vevay had the first commercial winery in the U.S.

Local winemaking was revived in 1995 with the opening of the Ridge Winery in Vevay.

The tasting room overlooks the Ohio River

The Hoosier Theatre in Vevay was built in 1837 as a warehouse and store.  It was a movie theater from 1926 to 1955, and now has concerts and other events.

225 seats

The Benjamin Schenck Mansion in Vevay (1874) is now a bed and breakfast.

Italianate/Second Empire style

The Switzerland County Historical Museum is in a former Presbyterian Church built in 1860.

Western actor and stuntman Ken Maynard (1895-1973) was born in Vevay.

NEXT: JEFFERSON COUNTY

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Indiana: Ohio County

Ohio County is south of Dearborn County, just across the north-to-south flowing Ohio River from Kentucky.

Ohio County in 1908

It is Indiana’s smallest county in population (6,128) and size (86 square miles).

It was named for the Ohio River, and is one of three Ohio counties; the others are in Kentucky and West Virginia.

Wheeling, in Ohio County, W.V.

The county seat of Ohio County, Indiana, is the city of Rising Sun (pop. 2,304), the only incorporated community in the county.

Rising Star Casino Resort

The Ohio County Courthouse, built in 1845, is Indiana’s oldest courthouse that has been in continuous use.

Greek Revival style

The Links at Rising Star Casino is southern Indiana’s only Scottish links-style golf course.

Par 71

The well-known 1890 play and 1917 silent film called “Blue Jeans” were set in Rising Sun.

NEXT: SWITZERLAND COUNTY

 

 

Indiana: Dearborn County

Dearborn County (pop. 50,047) is east of Ripley County, on the border with Ohio, and across the Ohio River from Kentucky. It’s the only Dearborn County in the U.S.

Dearborn County in 1908

The county was named for Henry Dearborn (1751-1829), U.S. Secretary of War when the county was formed.

A general in the War of 1812

The population of Dearborn County (which is only about 25 miles west of Cincinnati) has been growing since 1920.

The county seat of Dearborn County is the city of Lawrenceburg (pop. 5,042), on the Ohio River.

Dearborn County Courthouse (1871)

Lawrenceburg has long been known as “Whiskey City” because of its history of whiskey production. MGP of Indiana, a Lawrenceburg distillery, dates from 1847.

Beer’s Auto Sales in Lawrenceburg has a wall of vintage gas signs and other signs.

Lawrenceburg has a riverboat casino on the Ohio River – the Hollywood Casino, which opened in 1996 as the Argosy Casino.

The Perfect North Slopes Ski Area, north of Lawrenceburg, founded in 1980 by the Perfect Family, has a vertical drop of 400 feet.

Snowboarding was not allowed until 2002.

The town of Moores Hill (pop. 597) was the home of Moores Hill College from 1854 to 1917. It eventually became the University of Evansville.

Carnegie Hall (1907)

In the city of Aurora (pop. 3,750), the Hillforest Mansion (1855), on a bluff above the Ohio River, is available for tours.

Italian Renaissance style

In Aurora’s Riverview Cemetery, Aurora Schuck was buried in her red Cadillac, according to her wishes, in 1989. Her husband, Ray, had purchased 14 plots so there would be enough room.

Her casket on top

NEXT: OHIO COUNTY

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Indiana: Ripley County

Ripley County (pop. 28,818) is east of Jennings County. The only other Ripley County is in Missouri.

The county was named for Gen. Eleazer Wheelock Ripley (1782-1839), an officer in the War of 1812.

The county seat of Ripley County is the town of Versailles (pop. 2,113). It is pronounced Ver-SALES.

Ripley County Courthouse (1863)

Versailles was named for the Palace of Versailles, built near Paris by King Louis XIV in the 17th century.

The annual Versailles Pumpkin Show is the oldest annual festival in Indiana, dating from 1899.

The Bel-Air Drive-In Theater in Versailles has been open since 1957.

Now closed for the season

Versailles State Park, established in 1843, is adjacent to the town.

Busching Covered Bridge (1885)

Batesville (pop. 6,520), the largest city in Ripley County, is partly in Franklin County.

Gibson Theatre (1921)

The town of Milan (MY-lan, pop. 1,899) is the home of Milan High School, legendary winners of the 1954 Indiana high school state basketball championship, when the school had only 161 students.

As told in “Hoosiers”

The Milan ’54 Hoosiers Museum is in the former State Bank of Milan building.

NEXT: DEARBORN COUNTY

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Indiana: Jennings County

Jennings County (pop. 28,525) is north of Scott County. It’s the only Jennings County in the U.S.

The county was named for Jonathan Jennings (1784-1834), the first governor of Indiana.

Jennings County has the smallest county seat in Indiana –  the town of Vernon, population 318.

Jennings County Courthouse (1859)

Vernon was named for Mount Vernon, Virginia.

The largest city in Jennings County is North Vernon (pop. 6,728), just northwest of Vernon.

Park Theatre Civic Center, North Vernon

Author Jessamyn West (1902-1984) was born in North Vernon. Her family moved to Southern California when she was six.

Hannah Milhous Nixon (1885-1967), mother of President Richard Nixon, was born near the unincorporated community of Butlerville.

Dick and Hannah

Richard Nixon and Jessamyn West were second cousins. (Her mother was a Milhous.) Both were raised as Quakers, and both graduated from Whittier College in California.

The Muscatatuck Urban Training Center is in Jennings County. The site was originally the Indiana Farm Colony for Feeble Minded Youth.

Civilian first-responders are trained there.

NEXT: RIPLEY COUNTY

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Indiana: Scott County

Scott County (pop. 24,181) is east of Washington and Jackson counties. It is Indiana’s fifth-smallest county in square miles.

Scott County in 1908

There are 11 Scott counties in the U.S., and they’re named for six different men named Scott. This one was named for Charles Scott (1739-1813), military officer in the Revolutionary War and later governor of Kentucky.

He rose to Brigadier General.

The county seat of Scott County is Scottsburg (pop. 6,747). Scottsburg was not named for Charles Scott; it was named for Horace Scott, a local railroad official.

Scott County Courthouse (1874)

The former Scott County Home, built in 1892 as the county “poor farm,” is now the Scott County Heritage Center and Museum.

The museum opened in 2001.

The Scott Theatre (1947) now hosts the Ross Country Jamboree, with country music performances most weekends.

The Scottsburg Depot (1872) is now the Scottsburg Heritage Station.

Moved one block

Goat Milk Stuff, in Scottsburg, sells a variety of products (including cheese, candy, and soap) made from raw goat milk.

Goat milk caramels

The 741-acre Hardy Lake is the smallest reservoir maintained by the state of Indiana.

On Quick’s Creek

NEXT: JENNINGS COUNTY

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Indiana: Jackson County

Jackson County (pop. 42,376) is north of Washington County. Its population has been increasing every decade since 1930.

It’s one of 24 Jackson counties, and one of the 21 named for President Andrew Jackson (1767-1845).

The county seat of Jackson County is the town of Brownstown (pop. 2,947). The courthouse was built in 1870 and renovated in 1911.

Classical Revival style

The largest city in Jackson County is Seymour (pop. 17,503), once known as the “Crossroads of America” because east-west and north-south railroads crossed there.

Farmers Club, Seymour (1914)

Singer John Mellencamp was born in Seymour in 1951 and lived there until he was 14.

The first train robbery in history took place just outside Seymour, in 1866. The robbers (three brothers named Reno) were caught, lynched, and buried in Seymour.

Graves of the Reno Gang

In Elvis Presley’s first movie, “Love Me Tender,” he played Clint Reno, younger brother of the gang members. Clint had no connection with Seymour.

Original title: “The Reno Brothers”

The town of Medora (pop. 693) has the longest-spanning historic covered bridge in the U.S., dating from 1875.

432 feet long

The 2013 documentary film “Medora” was about the Medora High School basketball team and its struggles to compete against teams from larger schools.

NEXT: SCOTT COUNTY

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Indiana: Washington County

Washington County (pop. 28,262) is east of Lawrence and Orange counties. It’s one of 30 counties (and one parish) named for George Washington.

The county seat of Washington County is the city of Salem (pop. 6,319). Salem’s population has increased in every decade since 1870.

Washington County Courthouse (1886)

Salem’s 1905 Carnegie Library is still in use.

American statesman John Hay (1838-1905) was born in Salem. Among other positions, he was private secretary to President Lincoln and secretary of state to presidents McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt.

The John Hay Center in Salem includes his birthplace, a Pioneer Village, and a museum.

The Salem Speedway is a .55-mile, paved motor racetrack, dating from 1947.

Uplands PEAK Sanctuary calls itself Indiana’s first and only farm sanctuary. Founded in 2012, it rescues and rehabilitates abused and neglected farm animals.

Dedicated to a vegan lifestyle

NEXT: JACKSON COUNTY

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Indiana: Lawrence County

Lawrence County (pop. 46,134) is north of Orange County. It’s one of 11 Lawrence counties.

Ten of the 11 Lawrence counties, including this one, were named for James L. Lawrence (1781-1813), naval hero of the War of 1812.

His famous dying words

The county seat of Lawrence County is the city of Bedford (pop. 13,413), known as the “Limestone Capital of the World” because of its limestone quarries.

Lawrence County Courthouse (1930)

Actor Claude Akins (1926-1994) grew up in Bedford. He later graduated from Northwestern University.

Damon Bailey, of Bedford North Lawrence High School, was the 1990 Indiana Mr. Basketball and starred for Indiana University. He was recruited by Bobby Knight while still in 9th grade.

The town of Oolitic (pop. 1,184), named for oolite limestone, has a limestone statue of comic-strip boxer Joe Palooka.

Dedicated in 1948

Virgil “Gus” Grissom (1926-1967), one of the seven original Project Mercury astronauts, was born in the city of Mitchell (pop. 4,350) and grew up there.

The second American in space

Just east of Mitchell, Spring Mill State Park has a Gus Grissom Memorial.

Gemini 3 capsule

Underneath Lawrence County, limestone formations contain several large caverns. Bluespring Caverns has a three-mile, navigable underground river.

Longest in the U.S.

NEXT: WASHINGTON COUNTY

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Indiana: Orange County

Orange County (pop. 19,840) is southeast of Martin County. It’s one of eight Orange counties in the U.S.

The county got its name from Orange County, N.C. The early settlers were Quakers who came from North Carolina to escape slavery, bringing freed slaves with them.

The county seat of Orange County is the town of Paoli (pop. 3,677). The courthouse (1850), in Greek Revival style, is the second oldest in Indiana that’s been in continuous use.

The Paoli Peaks ski area is just west of town. It has a 300-foot vertical drop, with 17 runs.

Night skiing is popular.

The adjacent towns of French Lick (pop. 1,807) and West Baden Springs (pop. 574) were famous mineral-spring spa resorts in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

At the West Baden Springs Hotel (1902), the 200-foot dome covering the atrium was for many years the largest free-spanning dome in the U.S.

Hotel rooms face the atrium.

The West Baden Springs and French Lick Springs hotels, both recently restored, are now part of the French Lick Resort, which includes a casino and three golf courses.

In the early 20th century, Pluto Water, bottled at French Lick Springs, was a very popular (and strong) natural laxative.

The French Lick Scenic Railway operates between French Lick and Jasper, through Hoosier National Forest.

The French Lick West Baden Museum has “The World’s Largest Circus Diorama.”

1,100 square feet

Basketball great Larry Bird grew up in French Lick, and played at Springs Valley High School.

NEXT: LAWRENCE COUNTY

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Indiana: Martin County

Martin County (pop. 10,334) is east of Daviess County. It’s the fifth-smallest county in Indiana, in population.

It’s one of six Martin counties, which are named for six different people named Martin. This one was apparently named for Maj. John Martin of Kentucky.

Fog over the White River

From about 1915 to 1947, Martin County was a center of button-making, with buttons made from mussel shells dug up from the White River.

Mussel-button factory in Shoals

The county seat of Martin County is the town of Shoals (pop. 756), fourth-smallest county seat in Indiana. The former courthouse is now the county historical museum.

Built in 1876

The Shoals area has been a center of gypsum mining since the mid-20th century.

Shoals is best known for Jug Rock, the largest free-standing table rock formation in the U.S., east of the Mississippi River.

In Jug Rock Nature Preserve

The sports teams at Shoals High School are called the Jug Rox.

In the city of Loogootee (pop. 2,751), the yard of Bill Larkin has more than 3,000 colorful birdhouses. The derivation of the city’s name is uncertain.

Free birdhouses for visitors

About one-fourth of Martin County is in Hoosier National Forest, and about one-third is in the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division.

About 3,000 employees

NEXT: ORANGE COUNTY

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Indiana: Daviess County

Daviess County (pop. 31,648) is east of Knox County. It’s one of three Daviess counties; the others are in Kentucky and Missouri.

Daviess County in 1908

All three Daviess counties (and Jo Daviess County, Illinois) were named for Joseph Hamilton Daveiss (the correct spelling of his name), who commanded the Dragoons of the Indiana Militia at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811.

1774-1811

The county seat of Daviess County is the city of Washington (pop. 11,509).

The Daviess County Courthouse was built in 1928 in the Classical Revival style.

Brick and limestone

The Indiana Theater in Washington opened in 1926, closed in 2011, and was restored and reopened in 2014.

Still showing movies

The Robert C. Graham House (1912) in Washington is on the National Register of Historic Places. Graham was a founder of the Graham-Paige automobile company.

Prairie School style

Cody Zeller, now of the NBA Charlotte Hornets, was Indiana’s Mr. Basketball at Washington High School. He played college ball at Indiana University.

7 feet, 0 inches

Washington was hit by a tornado on Nov. 17, 2013, that destroyed 20 houses and severely damaged about 20 others.

73 tornadoes in 7 states that day

NEXT: MARTIN COUNTY

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Indiana: Knox County

Knox County (pop. 38,440) is south of Sullivan County and east of Illinois. It’s one of nine counties named for Henry Knox (1750-1806), the first U.S. Secretary of War.

Bordered by the Wabash and White rivers

Knox County was one of the original counties in the Northwest Territory, in 1790, and included almost all of today’s Indiana, and parts of the present states of Michigan, Illinois, and Ohio.

Knox County in 1800 (before interstates)

The county seat of Knox County is the city of Vincennes (pop. 18,423), the oldest (1732) continually occupied settlement in Indiana.

Knox County Courthouse (1873)

George Rogers Clark National Historical Park, in Vincennes, commemorates Clark’s capture of Fort Sackville in the Revolutionary War.

Built in 1931

Comedian Richard Bernard “Red” Skelton (1913-1997) was born in Vincennes and grew up there, before entering vaudeville in 1934.

The Hall of Hollywood Hoosiers, in Vincennes, has a collection of memorabilia related to Indianans in the movies.

Open by appointment

Grouseland, the William Henry Harrison Mansion and Museum, is in Vincennes. Harrison (1773-1841), later the ninth president, lived there when he was governor of the Indiana Territory.

Built in 1804

Vincennes University is the oldest public institution of learning in Indiana. Founded in 1801, it has about 4,000 students.

Vincennes is also the home of the Indiana Military Museum.

New museum opened in 2013

The town of Bruceville (pop. 478) has a homemade, backyard roller coaster, open to the public, summer weekends only.

Bruceville also has a replica of the Washington Monument, next to a giant peach – a 1954 tribute to the Trylon and Perisphere at the 1939 New York World’s Fair.

Outside The Big Peach store

NEXT: DAVIESS COUNTY

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Indiana: Sullivan County

Sullivan County (pop. 21,475) is west of Greene County, across the Wabash River from Illinois. It reached its peak population of 32,439 in 1910.

It’s one of six Sullivan counties, which are named for three different Sullivans. This one was named for Daniel Sullivan (1754-1790), a scout and spy in the Revolutionary War.

The county seat of Sullivan County is the city of Sullivan (pop. 4,249).

Sullivan County Courthouse (1928)

The sports teams at Sullivan High School are known as the Golden Arrows.

The town of Merom (pop. 228) was the home of Union Christian College from 1859 to 1924. It was one of the first coeducational colleges to allow women to take any class that men could take.

Now a church conference center

The town of Farmersburg (pop. 1,118) is the home of a tiny church called the Taylor Prayer Chapel.

Just off the highway

Peabody Energy’s Bear Run Mine, south of the town of Dugger, is the largest surface mine in the eastern U.S. It employs more than 500 persons.

The coal is hauled out by truck.

Shakamak State Park, partly in Clay and Greene counties, is known for its fishing.

Established in 1929

NEXT: KNOX COUNTY

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Indiana: Greene County

Greene County (pop. 33,165) is west of Monroe County. It’s Indiana’s fourth-largest county in square miles.

It is one of 14 Green counties, all of them named for Nathanael Greene (1742-1786), a major general in the Continental Army in the Revolutionary War.

The county seat of Greene County is the town of Bloomfield (pop. 2,405). The courthouse was built in 1885, and lost its tower in the 1950s.

Now “headless”

Bloomfield is the home of the Shawnee Summer Theatre, a professional company running continuously since 1960.

Now closed for the season

Bloomfield is also the home of “The World’s Largest Tire Jack.” HI-Lift Jack Company is headquartered in Bloomfield.

20 feet tall

The largest city in Greene County is Linton (pop. 5,413).

Linton Public Library (1908)

The comedian, and singer Phil Harris (1904-1995) was born in Linton. He was the voice of Balloo the Bear in “The Jungle Book” (1967) and Little John in Robin Hood (1973).

The Friends of Goose Pond Fish and Wildlife Area have an annual event in March called the Marsh Madness Sandhill Crane Festival.

Marsh Madness T-shirt

A park in the town of Worthington (pop. 1,467) has a monument containing a limb of what was once the largest sycamore tree in the U.S., with a circumference of 42 feet, 3 inches.

The tree died in a storm in 1925.

Greene County has the longest railroad trestle in Indiana – the 2,295-foot Tulip Viaduct, near  Solsberry.

Greene County has a town called Switz City (pop. 293), the only Switz City in the world. It was named for a local family named Switz.

NEXT: SULLIVAN COUNTY

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Indiana: Monroe County

Monroe County (pop. 137,974) is west of Brown County. It’s one of 18 Monroe counties, all named for James Monroe (1758-1831), fifth president of the U.S.

The county seat of Monroe County is Bloomington (pop. 80,405), seventh-largest city in Indiana.

Bloomington is the home of the flagship campus of Indiana University, founded in 1820. IU Bloomington, known for its Indiana limestone buildings, has more than 40,000 students.

Famous graduates of IU include actor Kevin Kline, journalist Jane Pauley, businessman Mark Cuban, composer Hoagy Carmichael, and the a cappella group Straight No Chaser.

The World’s Largest Anatomically Accurate Sculpture of the Human Brain is on the IU campus. The limestone brain weighs six tons.

David Lee Roth, lead singer of Van Halen, was born in Bloomington.

Most of the 1979 movie “Breaking Away” was filmed in Bloomington.

5 Academy Award nominations

The Indiana Theater (1922) in Bloomington is now the Buskirk-Chumley Theater, hosting a variety of concerts and other events.

The town of Ellettsville (pop. 6,378), northwest of Bloomington, is the starting point of the annual Hilly Hundred bicycle tour, a two-day event that attracts about 5,000 cyclists from around the country.

Lake Monroe, southeast of Bloomington, is the largest lake entirely within the state of Indiana. It was created in 1965 by the damming of Salt Creek.

Limited ice fishing in winter

The community of Elkinsville was evacuated to make room for Lake Monroe; as it turned out, elevation estimates were incorrect, and the lake’s waters never reached the town.

NEXT: GREENE COUNTY

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Indiana: Brown County

Brown County (pop. 15,242) is west of Bartholomew County. One of nine Brown counties, it was named for Gen. Jacob Brown, an American Army officer in the War of 1812.

Brown County is one of Indiana’s two least densely populated counties, and the Indiana county with the largest percentage of land (almost 90%) covered by forest.

Hoosier National Forest

The town of Nashville (pop. 803) is the fifth-smallest county seat in Indiana.

Brown County Courthouse (1874)

The Brown County Art Colony, established in Nashville around the turn of the 20th century, was a major center for American Impressionist painters, including T.C. Steele (1847-1926).

Steele’s “The Old Mills” (1903)

The T.C. Steele State Historic Site is southwest of Nashville.

Steele’s home and studio

Brown County is still known today for its art galleries.

The Brown County Playhouse in Nashville has movies, live theater, and concerts.

Brown County State Park is Indiana’s largest and most-visited state park. It dates from 1931.

The Bill Monroe Music Park and Campground, north of Nashville, has the world’s longest continuously running bluegrass festival.

NEXT: MONROE COUNTY

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Indiana: Bartholomew County

Bartholomew County (pop. 76,794) is west of Decatur County. It’s the only Bartholomew County in the U.S.

The county was named for Major Gen. Joseph Bartholomew (1766-1840), a hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811.

Badly wounded in the battle

The county seat of Bartholomew County is the city of Columbus (pop. 44,061), which has grown every decade since its founding in the mid-1800s.

Bartholomew County Courthouse (1874)

Columbus is known worldwide for its collection of modernist architecture and public art, with works by Eero Saarinen, I.M. Pei, Robert Venturi, Cesar Pelli, Richard Meier, and many others.

First Christian Church (1942)

J. Irwin Miller, CEO of Columbus-based Cummins, Inc., started the program, which paid architects’ fees for public buildings and public art.

First Baptist Church (1965)

Columbus City Hall was completed in 1981. It was built of brick and Indiana limestone.

Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill

North Christian Church (1964) was designed by Eero Saarinen. The building is hexagonal, with a 192-foot spire.

An oculus below the spire admits light.

The Republic newspaper building (1971) has a glass and white aluminum curtain wall.

248 feet long

The Crump Theatre in Columbus has been called Indiana’s oldest theater. It dates from 1889, but was remodeled into Art Deco style in 1941.

Currently closed

Kidscommons, a children’s museum in Columbus, features “the world’s largest toilet,” which is actually a slide.

Mike Pence, former Indiana governor and current vice-presidential candidate, was born in Columbus in 1959 and grew up there.

On left

NASCAR star Tony Stewart was born in Columbus in 1971. He played trombone in the Columbus North High School marching band.

3-time Sprint Car Series champion

NEXT: BROWN COUNTY

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Indiana: Decatur County

Decatur County (pop. 25,740) is west of Franklin County. The population has been growing since 1930, when it was 17,308.

It’s one of five Decatur counties, all of them named for Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr. (1779-1820), American naval hero.

The county seat of Decatur County is the city of Greensburg (pop. 11,492). The former Carnegie Library is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Built in 1904

The Romanesque-style Decatur County Courthouse (1854) is well-known for the mulberry tree growing on the roof.

Greensburg is known as “Tree City.”

Greensburg has a “Last Supper Museum,” with more than 1,800 works of art depicting Jesus’s Last Supper.

Call for a tour

Honda Motor Company opened an assembly plant in Greensburg in 2008. The plant, with about 2,000 employees, manufactures Honda Civics.

The Westport Covered Bridge (1880) is in the southwestern part of the county. Westport has an annual Covered Bridge Festival.

130 feet long

NEXT: BARTHOLOMEW COUNTY

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Indiana: Franklin County

Franklin County (pop. 23,087) is south of Union County, along the border with Ohio. It’s one of 25 Franklin counties and parishes in the U.S.

Twenty-four of the Franklin counties were named for Benjamin Franklin; the one in Idaho was named for Franklin D. Richards (1821-1899), an apostle of the Mormon Church.

Ben (1705-1790)

The county seat of Franklin County is the town of Brookville (pop. 2,596).

Brookville in the fall

The Franklin County Courthouse is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Built in 1851

Skyward Adventures in Brookville has 10 zip lines and four sky bridges.

In the woods

Brookville is also the home of Wolf Creek Habitat, open to the public.

Weekends only

The town of Oldenburg (pop. 674) has been known as the “Village of Spires” because of its churches and other religious institutions.

The unincorporated community of Metamora, on the 19th-century Whitewater Canal, has canal rides, the Whitewater Valley Railroad, and a working gristmill.

The Duck Creek Aqueduct (1843), the last remaining covered wood aqueduct in the U.S., carries the Whitewater Canal over Duck Creek.

Restored in 1949

Grannie’s Cookie Jars and Ice Cream Parlor in Metamora has one of the world’s largest collections of cookie jars.

More than 2,000 cookie jars

NEXT: DECATUR COUNTY

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Indiana: Union County

Union County (pop. 7,516) is east of Fayette County, on the border with Ohio.

Union County in 1908

Union County is Indiana’s third-smallest county in square miles and second-smallest county in population – although its population has increased in every decade since 1930.

It’s one of 17 Union counties. It got its name because it was formed by the union of parts of Fayette, Franklin, and Wayne counties.

The county seat of Union County is the town of Liberty (pop. 2,133). The courthouse, built in 1891, is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Richardsonian Romanesque style

Civil War general Ambrose Burnside (1824-1881) was born in Liberty. He is best remembered today for giving his name to the facial hair known as “sideburns.”

Poet Joaquin Miller (1837-1913) was also born in Union County (with the name Cincinnatus Heine Miller). He lived most of his life in Oregon and California.

“The Poet of the Sierras”

Whitewater Memorial State Park, Indiana’s third-largest state park, is partly in Union County.

Brookville Reservoir

NEXT: FRANKLIN COUNTY

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Indiana: Fayette County

Fayette County (pop. 24,277) is east of Rush County. It’s one of 11 Fayette counties.

All 11 were named for Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, the Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834), the Frenchman who fought in the American Revolutionary War.

The county seat of Fayette County is the city of Connersville (pop. 13,481). Connersville reached its peak population of 17,698 in 1960.

Fayette County Courthouse (1890)

In the early 20th century, Connersville was known as “Little Detroit” (as was Toledo, Ohio) because of its many automobile manufacturing plants.

1922 McFarlan touring car

The Stant Corporation, founded in Connersville in 1898 and still headquartered there, was the world’s largest producer of piano tuning pins.

Connersville High School had the first public high school band in the country, in 1906-07.

Film director and producer Robert Wise (1914-2005) grew up in Connersville. He won the Academy Award for Best Director for “The Sound of Music” and “West Side Story.”

On set with the Trapps

The Whitewater Valley Railroad runs 19 miles between Connersville and Metamora on former Penn Central railroad tracks.

Since 1974

The Thomas Ranck Round Barn (1904) is on the National Register of Historic Places.

70 feet tall

NEXT: UNION COUNTY

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Indiana: Rush County

Rush County (pop. 17,392) is east of Shelby County. It reached its peak population of 20,393 in 1960.

Rush County in 1908

The only other Rush County is in Kansas. Both were named for Dr. Benjamin Rush (1745-1813) of Philadelphia, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

The county seat of Rush County is the city of Rushville (pop. 6,341).

Rush County Courthouse (1896)

Wendell Wilkie (1892-1944) had his 1940 presidential campaign headquarters in Rushville (his wife’s hometown), and he is buried in Rushville’s East Hill Cemetery.

Wilkie gravesite

The John K. Gowdy House (1888) is the home of the Rush County Historical Society Museum.

Free admission

The Riverside Park Amphitheatre has free outdoor concerts in the summer.

“Live by the Levee”

Rural Rush County has several 19th-century covered bridges.

Forsythe Covered Bridge (1888)

The former Indiana Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Children’s Home (1878) is north of Rushville. The land was turned over to the Indiana National Guard in 2009.

Soldiers’ orphans attended the school.

NEXT: FAYETTE COUNTY

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Indiana: Shelby County

Shelby County (pop. 44,436) is east of Johnson County. It’s been growing since 1940, when the population was 25,953.

It is one of nine Shelby counties, all of them named for Isaac Shelby (1750-1826), who fought in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. He was Kentucky’s first and fifth governor.

The county seat of Shelby County is the city of Shelbyville (pop. 19,191).

Shelby County Courthouse (1937)

The Strand Theatre in Shelbyville dates from 1916. It was renovated in 2008, and is now the home of the Shelby County Players.

Shelbyville also has a drive-in theater, the Skyline.

The Porter Pool Bathhouse (1930) in Shelbyville is on the National Register of Historic Places. The pool was demolished in 1998.

Now home of the Chamber of Commerce

William Garrett (1929-1974), the first African-American to play on the Indiana University basketball team, was Indiana Mr. Basketball at Shelbyville High School.

1947 state champions

Sandy Allen (1955-2008), the tallest woman in the world at 7 feet 7 inches, lived much of her life in Shelbyville.

NEXT: RUSH COUNTY

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Indiana: Johnson County

Johnson County (pop. 139,654) is east of Morgan County and just south of Indianapolis. Its population has grown steadily over the years; in 1950, it was 26,183.

The county seat of Johnson County is the city of Franklin (pop. 23,712).

Johnson County Courthouse (1881)

Franklin College is a private liberal arts college in Franklin, founded in 1834. It was the first college in Indiana to admit women, in 1842.

About 1,000 students

Actress Marjorie Main (1890-1975), an Indiana native, attended Franklin College. She played Ma Kettle in 10 “Ma and Pa Kettle” movies between 1947 and 1957.

The Artcraft Theatre (America’s only one) in Franklin was built in 1922 and recently restored. Swartz Family Mortuary sponsors a free Senior Movie Series.

The World’s Largest Rocking Chair is just south of Franklin.

It was associated with a furniture store.

The “Franklin Wonder 5” was a group of basketball players that played together in grade school, won three state championships, 1920-22, and played together (and were undefeated) at Franklin College in 1923.

NEXT: SHELBY COUNTY