Indiana: Crawford County

Crawford County (pop. 10,713) is west of Harrison County, on the Ohio River.

Crawford County in 1908

It is one of 11 Crawford counties, which are named for three different people named Crawford. It’s uncertain which Crawford this one was named for.

Possibly William H., definitely not Joan

The county seat of Crawford County is the town of English (pop. 645), third-smallest county seat in Indiana.

After English had six floods between 1959 and 1990, most of the businesses and residences in the town were moved about a mile south, away from Camp Fork Creek.

Former downtown area

The Lucas Oil Golf Course, formerly the Old English course, opened in 2002. The front nine holes of the 18-hole course are in the flood plain.

Marengo Cave is in the nearby town of Marengo (pop. 828). The cave, discovered in 1883 by two children, is open for tours.

A National Historic Landmark

Marengo was named for the 1800 Battle of Marengo, in present-day Italy, between the French forces of Napoleon and Austrian forces.

Napoleon won.

The Marengo warehouse and distribution center has 4 million square feet of storage space in a former limestone quarry, 160 feet underground.

Used by U.S. Department of Defense and others

Much of Crawford County is in Hoosier National Forest.

Hemlock Cliffs trail

The William Proctor House (1832) is now owned by the Crawford County Historical Society.

Federal style




Indiana: Martin County

Martin County (pop. 10,334) is east of Daviess County. It’s the fifth-smallest county in Indiana, in population.

It’s one of six Martin counties, which are named for six different people named Martin. This one was apparently named for Maj. John Martin of Kentucky.

Fog over the White River

From about 1915 to 1947, Martin County was a center of button-making, with buttons made from mussel shells dug up from the White River.

Mussel-button factory in Shoals

The county seat of Martin County is the town of Shoals (pop. 756), fourth-smallest county seat in Indiana. The former courthouse is now the county historical museum.

Built in 1876

The Shoals area has been a center of gypsum mining since the mid-20th century.

Shoals is best known for Jug Rock, the largest free-standing table rock formation in the U.S., east of the Mississippi River.

In Jug Rock Nature Preserve

The sports teams at Shoals High School are called the Jug Rox.

In the city of Loogootee (pop. 2,751), the yard of Bill Larkin has more than 3,000 colorful birdhouses. The derivation of the city’s name is uncertain.

Free birdhouses for visitors

About one-fourth of Martin County is in Hoosier National Forest, and about one-third is in the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division.

About 3,000 employees


indiana counties working

Indiana: Brown County

Brown County (pop. 15,242) is west of Bartholomew County. One of nine Brown counties, it was named for Gen. Jacob Brown, an American Army officer in the War of 1812.

Brown County is one of Indiana’s two least densely populated counties, and the Indiana county with the largest percentage of land (almost 90%) covered by forest.

Hoosier National Forest

The town of Nashville (pop. 803) is the fifth-smallest county seat in Indiana.

Brown County Courthouse (1874)

The Brown County Art Colony, established in Nashville around the turn of the 20th century, was a major center for American Impressionist painters, including T.C. Steele (1847-1926).

Steele’s “The Old Mills” (1903)

The T.C. Steele State Historic Site is southwest of Nashville.

Steele’s home and studio

Brown County is still known today for its art galleries.

The Brown County Playhouse in Nashville has movies, live theater, and concerts.

Brown County State Park is Indiana’s largest and most-visited state park. It dates from 1931.

The Bill Monroe Music Park and Campground, north of Nashville, has the world’s longest continuously running bluegrass festival.


indiana counties working